AMPHIBIAWEB
Phyllomedusa bicolor
Waxy-Monkey Treefrog
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Phyllomedusinae

© 2002 Jean-Marc Hero (1 of 42)

 view video (2007.0K MPG file)
  hear Fonozoo call

[video details here]

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
See IUCN account.
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

   

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Phyllomedusa bicolor?

Add your own observation of
Phyllomedusa bicolor »

Source credit:
Guia de Sapos da Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Amazonia Central by Lima et al. 2005


INPA (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia)
PPBio (Programa de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade)
PELD (Pesquisas Ecológicas de Longa Duração)

Description
Males 91-103 mm, females 111-119 mm. The dorsum is dark green and the belly varies from white to yellow-white or cream. There are sparse white spots with dark frames on the lower lips, chest and front legs, and these are more dense on the flanks and hind legs. Fingers are transparent brown with large green adhesive discs. A prominent gland extends from behind the eye over the tympanum. The iris is dark gray.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
Occurs throughout the Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke in Brazil, and is frequently found near large ponds.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The species is arboreal and nocturnal. Males usually call from high trees, and descend with the female to construct nests 1- 3 m above ponds. Reproduction occurs throughout the year in ponds near to, or far from, streams, with a peak from November to May (rainy season). The females deposit about 600 unpigmented eggs in a gelatinous mass in leaf nests hanging over ponds. The leaves are joined or folded with the aid of the male. After 8-10 days, the tadpoles hatch and fall into the water, where they complete development until metamorphosis.

Comments
Similar species: Phyllomedusa tarsius differs by having a red-orange iris with black reticulations, and by having brown first and second fingers with white tips. Phyllomedusa vaillanti differs by having purple coloration on the sides and belly, adhesive discs on the fingers that are orange or dark purple, and a silvery-gray iris.



Written by Albertina P. Lima, William E. Magnusson, Marcelo Menin, Luciana K. Erdtmann, Domingos J. Rodrigues, Claudia Keller, Walter Hödl (bill AT inpa.gov.br), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
First submitted 2007-11-27
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2007-11-28)



Feedback or comments about this page.

 

Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2014. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: Aug 22, 2014).

AmphibiaWeb's policy on data use.