Ctenophryne carpish
family: Microhylidae
subfamily: Gastrophryninae
Species Description: Lehr, E., Rodriguez, D. and Cordova, J.H. 2002. A new species of Phrynopus (Amphibia, Anura, Leptodactylidae) from the Cordillera de Carpish (Departamento de Huanuco, Peru). Zoologische Abhandlungen: 65-70. (with genus name change first to Melanophrynopus then Ctenophryne) Lehr, E. and Trueb, L. 2007. Diversity among New World microhylid frogs (Anura: Microhylidae): morphological and osteological comparisons between Nelsonophryne (Guenther 1901) and a new genus from Peru. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 149: 583-609.; de Sa, R.O., Streicher, J.W., Sekonyela, R., Forlani, M.C., Loader, S.P., Greenbaum, E., Richards, S, Haddad, C.F.B. 2012 Molecular phylogeny of microhylid frogs (Anura: Microhylidae) with emphasis on relationships among New World genera. BMC Evolutionary Biology 12:241
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Peru


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

Melanophryne carpish is known from cloud forests at elevations between 2750 and 2960 masl in central Peru (Department of Huánuco: Cordillera de Carpish), and in northern Peru (Department of Amazonas: Laguna de los Cóndores: 6 50′49″ S, 77 41′40″ W). The distance between the two localities is 364 km (airline) (Lehr and Trueb, 2007).

Habitat and Ecology

Specimens have been found on the ground and in a pitfall trap near terrestrial bromeliads (November and February, respectively) and in the centre of a water-filled bromeliad about 1 m above ground during the afternoon (a gravid female, found in July). Melanophryne carpish is restricted to primary cloud forests with (terrestrial) bromeliads, which are used as hiding places and presumably for deposition of eggs. One female contained 83 pigmented eggs that have an average diameter of 1.6 ± 0.14 mm (n = 10) (Lehr and Trueb, 2007). Tadpoles were found in November in bromeliads (E. Lehr, pers. comm. 2008).

Stomach contents of one specimen revealed arthropods belonging to the following orders/families: Coleoptera, Juliaformes, Formicidae and Staphylinidae (Lehr and Trueb, 2007).


Melanophryne carpish is considered to be either a secretive and/or rare species (E. Lehr, pers. comm. 2008).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat is habitat loss due to agricultural expansion and firewood collection.

Conservation Actions

It is not recorded from any protected areas, making protection and maintenance of the remaining habitat a high priority.

Taxonomic Notes

The genus Melanophryne has recently been erected to accommodate two species, Melanophryne carpish (formerly Phrynopus carpish) and Melanophryne barbatula (Lehr and Trueb, 2007).


Edgar Lehr 2008. Ctenophryne carpish. In: IUCN 2014


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