M 26 mm. Dorsum yellow-brown, yellow dorsolateral stripes present, sometimes extending onto shanks (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Similar species: H. carbonei is the closest relative of H. betsileo and both species are very similar in morphology and colouration. Reliable distinction only by calls or genetically (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar
Tsingy de Bemaraha (Antranopasasy), Kirindy (below 200 m asl); Montagne dï¿½Ambre (900 m asl). Presumably occurs between these locations, where habitat is suitable (Raxworthy et al. 2008). Found in dry forest (in the west) and rainforest habitats (in the north) (Raxworthy et al. 2008).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Habits: Swamps and ponds in western and northern Madagascar. At Kirindy, this species starts calling late at night only, while H. tricolor calls early in the evening (J. Glos, pers. comm.). Seems to be quite localized (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Calls: Similar to those of H. betsileo, but note duration distinctly longer (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Breeding occurs in both temporary and permanent ponds (Raxworthy et al. 2008).
Trends and Threats
Not common, and declining. Has not been found outside forest. It occurs in two protected areas: Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha and Parc National de Montagne d'Ambre (Raxworthy et al. 2008).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Intensified agriculture or grazing
Taken with permission from Glaw and Vences (2007).
Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
Raxworthy, C., Vences, M., and Glaw, F. (2008). Heterixalus carbonei. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 21 April 2009.
Written by Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (m.vences AT tu-bs.de), Assistant Professor and Curator of Vertebrates at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Zoological Museum at the University of Amsterdam
First submitted 2009-04-21
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2010-07-18)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Heterixalus carbonei <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/6138> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 22, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 22 Oct 2017.
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