This species occurs on the premontane Atlantic slopes of Costa Rica at altitudes of 1,000-1,300m asl. It is known from the Tilarán, Central and Talamanca Cordilleras.
Habitat and Ecology
It is subterranean, and is usually found under logs and surface debris in premontane rainforest. This is a viviparous species.
There are no data on its population status. Due to its subterranean habits, this species is rarely seen.
The extent to which deforestation is a threat to the species is unknown.
It occurs in Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo and Parque Nacional Tapantí in Costa Rica, and it is in need of taxonomic review (Mark Wilkinson pers. comm.).
This species was recently resurrected from synonymy of Dermophis mexicanus by Savage and Wake (2001). Its taxonomic status is unclear.
Federico Bolaños, Marvalee Wake, Mark Wilkinson 2004. Dermophis costaricensis. In: IUCN 2013