M 31-35 mm, F 47 mm. Tibiotarsal articulation in males reaches beyond snout tip. Hand with some webbing, foot webbing 1(0), 2i(0.5), 2e(0), 3i(1), 3e(0.25), 4i/e(1.25-1.5), 5(0.25). Dorsal skin relatively smooth, with some tubercles and a tendency of fine dermal reticulations. Distinct spines on elbow and heel. Colour relatively variable, light brown with or without dark markings and patterning on the dorsum. Often a white patch under the eye.Outer iris area red, inner iris area bronze. Males with indistinct nuptial pads and a slightly distensible single subgular vocal sac (Glaw and Vences 2007).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Madagascar
An'Ala (Glaw and Vences 2007). This species is found in the central part of the eastern rainforest belt of Madagascar, from Mantadia south to Antoetra, from 900-1,200m asl (Glaw and Vallan 2008).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Males call at night from perches 1-2 m above the ground, along streams in rainforest (Glaw and Vences 2007). Breeding probably occurs in these small streams (Glaw and Vallan 2008).
Calls: Two types of unharmonious notes, often the note type of longer duration precedes a series of up to three notes of the shorter note type (Glaw and Vences 2008).
Trends and Threats
It occurs in at least one protected area, the Parc National de Mantadia. This species is common where suitable habitat exists. However, elsewhere its habitat is being lost to subsistence agriculture, logging, charcoal manufacture, invasion of eucalyptus trees, increased grazing and human settlements. It requires pristine rainforest (Glaw and Vallan 2008).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Intensified agriculture or grazing
Subtle changes to necessary specialized habitat
Partly taken (with permission) from Glaw and Vences (2007).
Glaw, F., and Vallan, D. (2008). Boophis rufioculis. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 15 March 2009.
Glaw, F., and Vences, M. (2007). Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences and Glaw Verlag, Köln.
Written by Miguel Vences and Frank Glaw (m.vences AT tu-bs.de), Assistant Professor and Curator of Vertebrates at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Zoological Museum at the University of Amsterdam
First submitted 2009-03-10
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2009-03-15)
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