Notaden melanoscaphus
Northern Spadefoot Toad
family: Myobatrachidae
subfamily: Limnodynastinae

© 2002 Jean-Marc Hero (1 of 4)

  hear call (751.2K MP3 file)
  hear call (5520.2K WAV file)

[call details here]

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
See IUCN account.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Australia

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
Known from the north-western Kimberley region of Western, northern Northern Territory and into Cape York Peninsula of Queensland. Also known from the Townsville region in Queensland. The extent of occurrence of the species is approximately 772300 km2

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Found in sparsely timbered savanna, sclerophyll woodland and grassland on clay soils. Spends most of its life buried underground and emerges only after heavy rain when it can be found on low-lying swampy ground which remains saturated after rain. Breeds after heavy rains in shallow flooded areas. Males call whilst floating in water and their bodies are inflated with air from their distended lungs. About 500 – 1400 eggs are laid in long chains tangled in submerged vegetation. Tadpoles hatch and complete development in 8 weeks.

Trends and Threats
No known declines and extent of occurrence > 20,000km2.

None known.

Conservation Measures
None in place.


Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.

Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.

Tyler, M.J., Smith, L.A., and Johnstone, R.E. (1994). Frogs of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.

Written by J-M Hero et al. (m.hero AT, Griffith University
First submitted 2002-04-05
Edited by Ambika Sopory (2008-09-24)

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2016. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: (Accessed: May 31, 2016).

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