This species is known only from the type locality in the Sierra de Santa Cruz, Izabal, Guatemala, at 900m asl. Recent specimens collected 10km from the type locality might belong to this species.
Habitat and Ecology
It is known to inhabit old-growth premontane wet forest, and is unlikely to be able to adapt to degraded habitats. Individuals have been seen at night along streams. They presumably breed by direct development and are not dependent on water for breeding.
There is no information on population status, but congenerics inhabiting similar habitats and elevations have declined significantly.
Habitat destruction is taking place due to recent human settlement, as well as agricultural encroachment and wood extraction. Some other species of Craugastor that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
There are no protected areas near where this species has been found, but one has been proposed for the Sierra de Danta Cruz. Given the likely threat of chytridiomycosis, recommended conservation measures likely should include the establishment of a captive-breeding programme.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Manuel Acevedo, Eric Smith 2004. Craugastor trachydermus. In: IUCN 2014