© 2008 Andrés Acosta (1 of 1)
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia
IUCN (Red List) status: Near Threatened (NT).
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Pristimantis simoterus?
This species is known from the departments of Caldas, Risaralda and Tolima on the Cordillera Central, in Colombia, from 2,700-4,350m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in páramo vegetation and is active at night, calling on the ground among grasses and low bushes. During the day it occurs on graminaceous vegetation or under logs and rocks. It also occurs above the tree line and can be found in pastureland, but this is a marginal habitat for the species. Breeding is by direct development.
The species is very abundant in Parque Nacional Natural Los Nevados and is also common elsewhere.
Habitat loss caused by smallholder livestock grazing and cultivation of crops (some of them illegal) is a threat to it outside protected areas. However, this species is adaptable and much of its range is at altitudes above the level of significant human impact, and so it is not greatly threatened.
Most populations are inside Parque Nacional Natural Los Nevados.
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis simoterus. In: IUCN 2012