Limnophys cheiroplethus is a large member of the genus. The skin of the dorsum is tuberculate with many short ridges and folds but no complete dorsolateral folds. The snout is subacuminate in dorsal view and the canthus rostralis is well-defined. Upper eyelid is broader than the inter-orbital distance. Tympanum is oddly shaped, small and has a length that is one-fifth to one-fourth the length of the eye. Vomerine odontophores nearly contact medially, broad, and extend laterall to beneath the choanae. Fingers have expanded discs. Toes moderately webbed. There is no inner tarsal fold. The dorsum is brown with darker mottling. Posterior surfaces of thighs dark-brwon with small cream spots behind knee. The axilla and groin are black with large cream spots (or cream with black reticulation). The throat is densely stippled with brown and flecked with cream or darker brown. Underside of limbs reticulated with dark brown. No other members of the rugulosus group lack a tarsal fold and have nuptial pads and moderate webbing on the toes. Sides of head with small tubercles except along lips. Lower flanks nearly areolate. Upper surface of limbs vary rom smooth with scattered tubercles to relatively tuberculate. Small ulnar tubercles present. Palmar tubercle is bifid and about the size of pungent, oval thenar tubercle. Small supernumerary thenar tubercle; Ill-defined palmar supernumerary tubercles at bases of eachfinger. Fingers lack lateral fringes and/or keels. In life color of this species is brown to olive-brown above with rust colored ridges and warts. Throat is white with heavy mottling of brown and black. The venter is yellow with black flecking or marbling. The groin and posterior surfaces of the thighs are black with yellow spots. The iris is pale cream-gray with radiating gray lines and gray butterfly marks. The pupil has a yellow ring.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia
Known from the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental at 1140-1540 m.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Adult males bear non-spinous glandular nuptial pads on thumbs. Venter is white without spotting (males) or with dark brown reticulation (females).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Lynch, J. D. (1990). ''A new large species of streamside Eleutherodactylus from western Colombia (Amphibia: Leptodactylidae).'' Herpetologica, 46(2), 135-142.
Written by Raul E. Diaz (lissamphibia AT gmail.com), AWeb Team
First submitted 2004-08-27
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2007-11-30)
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