This species is known from the humid lowlands from southeastern Costa Rica of the southern Atlantic versant to western Colombia (from Choco southwards to Valle del Cauca departments as well as Gorgona Island in Cauca department); in Costa Rica it is known only from extreme southern Limón Province.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a nocturnal, riparian, primary forest species of lowland moist and wet forests. The species reproduces through direct development. It is has not been recorded outside mature forest.
It is a rarely seen species in Mesoamerica, and it is relatively uncommon in Colombia. In streams on Gorgona Island they are quite common. In Costa Rica, this species has not been recorded since 1978 despite extensive surveys in the historical range and may be extinct in this country (Federico Bolaños and Gerardo Chaves pers. comm.).
General habitat loss through deforestation and pollution of waterways are localized threats, but there are no major threats to the species overall at present.
The species has been recorded from many protected areas in Panama, two in Costa Rica (although it has not been recorded in this country since 1978), and a few in Colombia.
This species was previously within the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith, 2005).
Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, Jay Savage, Querube Fuenmayor, Fernando Castro, Taran Grant, 2004. Strabomantis bufoniformis. In: IUCN 2013