This species is known only from two localities within the Famatina range of mountains, Aimogasta (type locality 28° 33'S; 66° 49'W) and a gorge near to Anjullon (28° 44'S; 66° 56'W), in La Rioja Province, western Argentina. It has been recorded from elevations between 1,800 and 2,050m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is wholly aquatic, breeding in high mountain streams surrounded by dry bush land, and is not present in modified habitats.
It is a rare species.
Current threats include the introduction of predatory fishes (trout); stream pollution through livestock and mining activities; collection of streamside vegetation (with resulting increased runoff); and destruction of high mountain bogs and other watersheds. Chytridiomycosis is a potential future threat.
It is not present in any protected areas, and protection of suitable habitat is clearly required. There is also a need for continued population monitoring, particularly given the threat of chytrid.
Esteban Lavilla 2004. Telmatobius schreiteri. In: IUCN 2013