Xizang Alpine Toad
Fei, Leing, ed. 1999. Atlas of Amphibians of China. Chengdu Institute of Biology.
This species is known from northwestern Nepal, and southeastern Qinghai, the eastern and southern part of Xizang, southern Gansu and northwestern Sichuan provinces in western China. It is likely to occur in Bhutan and India, but there are not so far any records. It is found at high elevations of 2,200-5,100m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an alpine species associated with the headwaters of streams, stream banks and the edges of glacial lakes in grassland habitats. It breeds in streams. Information on the development of the tadpoles is given by Song and Huang (1990).
This is a very common species.
The major threats to this species are the diversion of water from breeding streams for agricultural use, and the pollution of waterways and the surrounding land by agrochemicals. Overgrazing might also be a threat in parts of its range.
The range of this species overlaps with a few protected areas in the region.
According to Fei et al. (1977), Scutiger alticola is synonymous with S. boulengeri.
Annemarie Ohler, Pranabes Sanyal, Fei Liang, Michael Wai Neng Lau 2004. Scutiger boulengeri. In: IUCN 2012