AMPHIBIAWEB
Spelaeophryne methneri
family: Brevicipitidae

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Tanzania, United Republic of

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
See IUCN account.
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

   

From the Encyclopedia of Life account:

Etymology

This species was named in honour of the collector.


Author: Loader, Simon
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Distribution

This species occurs in southeastern Tanzania from the Uluguru Mountains, southwest to Mount Rungwe and Songea, and southeast to Nchingidi.

It is irregular in occurrence, but this is probably because it is overlooked because of its very secretive habits.


Author: Loader, Simon
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Morphology

Pupil round; tongue large, oval, clipped posteriorly and freely liftable; vomerine teeth missing; two skin folds between the choanae; one smooth skin fold in front of the pharynx; ear drum conspicuous; finger and toes without webbing; metatarsalia firmly connected; finger and toe tips hardly thickened, clipped; praecoracoids present, sternum cartilaginous, very weakly developed; transverse processes of the sacral vertebra not very strongly broadened. Upper jaw toothless.


Author: Zimkus, Breda
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Size

Males and females are up to 53 mm (Harper et al., 2010).


Author: Zimkus, Breda
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Diagnostic Description

Body form ungainly; two short, skinny longitudinal folds between the choanae; one smooth skin fold in front of the pharynx; tongue large, oval, clipped posteriorly; Head broader than long; snout rounded, projecting beyond the mouth, a bit longer than the eye diameter; rein area [Z├╝gelgegend; no idea what that means, cheeks maybe?] fairly steep, concave; canthus rostralis not very conspicuous; nostril laterally, almost situated on tip of the snout; interorbital distance more than twice as broad than an upper eyelid; ear drum conspicuous, 2/3 the eye diameter; finger and toes slightly swollen, ending bluntly; first finger slighly shorter than the second, which is as long as the fourth; the third finger (measured from the carpals) as long as the snout and the eye diameter; toes without webbing; outer metatarsalia firmly connected; a hardly recognisable, inner, oval metatarsal tubercle [present]; subarticular tubercle conspicuous; with leg bend forwards alongside the body the tarsometatarsal joint reaches the base of the upper arm; body length 3 4/5 times the femur, [femur] longer than the tibia, tibia twice as long as broad, contained almost 5 times in the body length and slightly shorter than the foot; with rectangular adpressed legs the heels are not in contact; skin with fine warts above, below almost smooth.

Colouration (in alcohol) a dark chocolate brown above; small whitish spots scattered all over the body; the whole upper side of the head from between the eyes forward, including the upper eyelids, milky white; underside slightly lighter brown.


Author: Loader, Simon
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Diagnostic Description

The dorsum is black with bright red canthal stripes that extend over the eye to above the tympanum. There is a fold of skin running from the eye to the arm. There is some variation among individuals, with some having a red stripe between the eyes and others lacking any red markings on the head. The tympanum is visible and approximately the same size as the eye. The finger and toe tips are not expanded. The ventral surface is brown (Text from Harper et al., 2010).


Author: Zimkus, Breda
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in lowland and submontane forest and miombo woodland, where it burrows into logs in dry season. It occurs at both low and high altitudes up to 1,600m asl, perhaps more. It is not known whether or not it can tolerate any degradation of its habitat.


Author: Loader, Simon
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found in moist lowland and montane forest, savanna, and miombo woodland at elevations up to 1600 m (Text from Harper et al., 2010).


Author: Zimkus, Breda
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Activity and Special Behaviors

This is a secretive species that burrows into rotting logs (Text from Harper et al., 2010).


Author: Zimkus, Breda
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Reproduction

Its breeding requirements are unknown, though it is presumed to be by direct development.


Author: Loader, Simon
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Reproduction

It's breeding habits are unknown, but it is assumed to lay eggs that hatch directly into small frogs (Text from Harper et al., 2010).


Author: Zimkus, Breda
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

IUCN Red List Category and Justification of Conservation Status

It is listed as Least Concern in view of its reasonably wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Author: Loader, Simon
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/