AMPHIBIAWEB
bookcover The following literature references are from Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species, edited by Michael Lannoo (2005 by the Regents of the University of California), used with permission of University of California Press. The book is available from UC Press.

Literature references beginning with letter:     [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]

Abbott, C.C. 1882. Notes on the habits of the Savannah cricket frog. American Naturalist 14:707–711.
Abbott, C.G. 1934. Cold-blooded vertebrates. Smithsonian Scientific Series, Volume 8, Washington, D.C.
Abbott, P.L. 1975. On the hydrology of the Edwards Limestone, south-central Texas. Journal of Hydrology 24:251–269.
Abbott, P.L. and C.M. Woodruff Jr. (Eds.). 1986. The Balcones Escarpment: Geology, Hydrology, Ecology and Social Development in Central Texas. Geological Survey of America, San Diego, California.
Abbott, R.T. 1950. Snail invaders. Natural History 59:80–85.
Abdullah, A.R., C.M. Bajet, M.A. Matin, D.D. Nhan and A.H. Suliman. 1997. Ecotoxicology of pesticides in the tropical paddy field ecosystem. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16:59–70.
Abourachid, A. and D.M. Green. 1999. Origins of the frog-kick? Alternate-leg swimming in primitive frogs, families Leiopelmatidae and Ascaphidae. Journal of Herpetology 33:657–663.
Acker, P.M., K.C. Kruse and E.B. Krehbiel. 1986. Aging Bufo americanus by skeletochronology. Journal of Herpetology 20:570–574.
Ackerman, K. 1975. Rare and endangered vertebrates of Illinois. Unpublished Technical Report, Bureau of Environmental Science, Illinois Department of Transportation, Springfield, Illinois.
Adams, D.C. 2000. Divergence of trophic morphology and resource use among populations of Plethodon cinereus and P. hoffmani in Pennsylvania. Pp. 383–394. In Bruce, R.C., R.G. Jaeger and L.D. Houck (Eds.), The Biology of Plethodontid Salamanders. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
Adams, D.C. and C.K. Beachy. 2001. Historical explanations of phenotypic variation in the plethodontid salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus. Herpetologica 57:353–364.
Adams, D.R. 1968. Stomach contents of the salamander Batrachoseps attenuatus in California. Herpetologica 24:170–172.
Adams, L. 1942. The natural history and classification of the Mount Lyell salamander, Hydromantes platycephalus. University of California Publications in Zoology 46:179–204, plates 21–22.
Adams, M.A., D.E. Schindler and R.B. Bury. 2001. Association of amphibians with attenuation of ultraviolet-B radiation in montane ponds. Oecologia 128:519–525.
Adams, M.D. and M.J. Lacki. 1993. Factors affecting amphibian use of road-rut ponds in Daniel Boone National Forest. Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science 54:13–16.
Adams, M.J. 1993. Summer nests of the tailed frog (Ascaphus truei) from the Oregon Coast Range. Northwestern Naturalist 74:15–18.
Adams, M.J. 1999. Correlated factors in amphibian decline: exotic species and habitat change in western Washington. Journal of Wildlife Management 63:1162–1171.
Adams, M.J. 2000. Pond permanence and the effects of exotic vertebrates on anurans. Ecological Applications 10:559–568.
Adams, M.J. and R.B. Bury. 2002. The endemic headwater stream amphibians of the American Northwest: associations with environmental gradients in a large forested preserve. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11:169–178.
Adams, M.J. and S. Claeson. 1998. Field response of tadpoles to conspecific and heterospecific alarm. Ethology 104:955–961.
Adams, M.J. and A.G. Wilson Jr. 1993. Geographic distribution: Ascaphus truei (tailed frog). Herpetological Review 24:64.
Adams, M.J., R.B Bury and S.A. Swarts. 1998. Amphibians of the Fort Lewis Military Reservation, Washington: sampling techniques and community patterns. Northwest Naturalist 79:12–18.
Adams, M.J., S.D. West and L. Kalmbach. 1999. Amphibian and reptile surveys of U.S. Navy lands on the Kitsap and Toandos Peninsulas, Washington. Northwest Naturalist 80:1–7.
Adams, N.G.K. 1967. Bufo marinus eaten by Rattus rattus. Journal of the North Queensland Naturalists’ Club 34:5.
Adams, S.B. and C.A. Frissell. 2001. Thermal habitat use and evidence of seasonal migration by Rocky Mountain tailed frogs, Ascaphus montanus, in Montana. Canadian Field-Naturalist 115:251–256.
Adamson, M.L. 1980. Gyrinicola batrachiensis (Walton, 1929) n. comb. (Oxyuroidea; Nematoda) from tadpoles in eastern and central Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 59:1344–1350.
Adamson, M.L. 1981a. Development and transmission of Gyrinicola batrachiensis (Walton, 1929) (Pharyngodonidae: Oxyuroidea). Canadian Journal of Zoology 59:1351–1367.
Adamson, M.L. 1981b. Seasonal changes in populations of Gyrinicola batrachiensis (Walton, 1929) in wild tadpoles. Canadian Journal of Zoology 59:1377–1386.
Adamson, M.L. and J.P.M. Richardson. 1991. Seasonal changes in populations of Chabaudgolvania waldeni (Quimperiidae; Seuratoidea) in Ambystoma gracile (Ambystomatidae; Caudata). Canadian Journal of Zoology 69:163–167.
Adler, K. (Ed). 1992. Herpetology: Current research on the biology of amphibians and reptiles. Proceedings of the First World Congress of Herpetology. Society of Amphibians and Reptiles, Oxford, Ohio.
Adler, K.K. and D.M. Dennis. 1962. Plethodon longicrus, a new salamander (Amphibia: Plethodontidae) from North Carolina. Special Publications of the Ohio Herpetological Society 4:1–14.
Adler, K. and D.H. Taylor. 1981. Toad orientation. Variability of response and its relationship to individuality and environmental parameters. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 144:45–52.
Affa’a, F.-M. and D.H. Lynn. 1994. A review of the classification and distribution of five opalinids from Africa and North America. Canadian Journal of Zoology 72:665–674.
Agassiz, L. 1850. Lake Superior: Its Physical Character, Vegetation and Animals, Compared with those of Other and Similar Regions. Gould, Kendall and Lincoln, Boston, Massachusetts.
Agresti, A. 1996. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Ahlgren, M.O. and S.H. Bowen. 1991. Growth and survival of tadpoles (Bufo americanus) fed amorphous detritus derived from natural waters. Hydrobiologia 218:49–51.
Aho, J.M. 1990. Helminth communities of amphibians and reptiles: comparative approaches to understanding patterns and processes. Pp. 157–195. In Esch, G.W, A.O. Bush and J.M. Aho (Eds.), Parasite Communities: Patterns and Processes. Chapman and Hall Limited, New York.
Akin, G.C. 1966. Self‑inhibiting growth of Rana pipiens tadpoles. Physiological Zoology 39:341–356.
Akins, N. and H.W. Wofford. 1999. The effects of s-methoprene on the development of the leopard frog (Rana pipiens) tadpole. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 73:107.
Alabama Natural Heritage Program. 1996. Amphibians list. Huntingdon College, Montgomery, Alabama.
Alan Plummer Associates, Incorporated. 2000. Barton Springs pool preliminary algae control plan for city of Austin. Unpublished report, City of Austin, Texas.
Alberta Fish and Wildlife Division. 1991. Alberta’s threatened wildlife: northern leopard frog. Alberta Fish and Wildlife Division, Nongame Management Program, Edmonton, Alberta.
Alcala, A.C. 1957. Philippine notes on the ecology of the marine toad. Silliman Journal 4:90–96.
Alcala, A.C. 1996. DAPTF-Philippines: Working Group report 1996. DAPTF Report, Number 1,World Conservation Union (IUCN), Species Survival Commission, Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.
Alexander, D.G. 1965. An ecological study of the swamp cricket frog, Pseudacris nigrita feriarum (Baird) with comparative notes on two other hylids of the Chapel Hill, North Carolina region. Ph.D. dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Alexander, T.R. 1964. Observations on the feeding behavior of Bufo marinus (Linne). Herpetologica 20:255–259.
Alexander, W.P. 1927. The Allegheny hellbender and its habitat. Buffalo Society of Natural Science 7:13–18.
Alford, R.A. 1989a. Variation in predator phenology affects predator performance and prey community composition. Ecology 70:206–219.
Alford, R.A. 1989b. Competition between larval Rana palustris and Bufo americanus is not affected by variation in reproductive phenology. Copeia 1989:993–1000.
Alford, R.A. 1989c. Effects of parentage and competitor phenology on the growth of larval Hyla chrysoscelis. Oikos 54:325–330.
Alford, R.A. 1999. Ecology: resource use, competition, and predation. Pp. 240–278. In McDiarmid, R.W. and R. Altig (Eds.), Tadpoles: The Biology of Anuran Larvae. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
Alford, R.A. and M.L. Crump. 1982. Habitat partitioning among size classes of larval southern leopard frogs, Rana utricularia. Copeia 1982:367–373.
Alford, R.A. and S.J. Richards. 1999. Global amphibian declines: a problem in applied ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30:133–165.
Alford, R.A. and H.M. Wilbur. 1985. Priority effects in experimental pond communities: competition between Bufo and Rana. Ecology 66:1097–1105.
Alford, R.A., M. Lampo and P. Bayliss. 1995b. The comparative ecology of Bufo marinus in Australia and South America. CSIRO Bufo Project: An Overview of Research Outcomes, Unpublished report, CSIRO, Australia.
Alford, R.A., M.P. Cohen, M.R. Crossland, M.N. Hearnden and L. Schwarzkopf. 1995a. Population biology of Bufo marinus in northern Australia. Proceedings of the Wetland Management in the Wet-Dry Tropics Workshop. Jabiru, Northern Territory, Australia.
Alford, R.A., P.M. Dixon and J.H.K. Pechmann. 2001. Global amphibian population declines. Nature 412:499–500.
Allan, D.M. 1973. Some relationships of vocalization to behavior in the Pacific treefrog, Hyla regilla. Herpetologica 29:366–371.
Allard, H.A. 1907. Bufo fowleri (Putnam). Science 26:383–384.
Allard, H.A. 1908. Bufo fowleri (Putnam) in northern Georgia. Science 28:655–656.
Allard, H.A. 1916. The song of Fowler’s toad (Bufo fowleri). Science 44:463–464.
Allen, D. 1937. Some notes on the Amphibia of a waterfowl sanctuary, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. Copeia 1937:190–191.
Allen, E.R. 1938. Notes on Wright's bullfrog, Rana heckscheri (Wright). Copeia 1938:50.
Allen, E.R. 1939. Habits of Rhadinaea flavilata. Copeia 1939:175.
Allen, E.R. and W.T. Neill. 1949. A new subspecies of salamander (genus Plethodon) from Florida and Georgia. Herpetologica 5:112–114.
Allen, E.R. and W.T. Neill. 1956. Effect of marine toad toxins on man. Herpetologica 12:150–151.
Allen, G.M. 1899. Notes on the reptiles and amphibians of Intervale, New Hampshire. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 29:71.
Allen, J.A. 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians found in the vicinity of Springfield, Massachusetts, with notices of all other species known to inhabit the state. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 12:171–204.
Allen, M.J. 1932. A survey of the amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates, Number 542, American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Allen, M.J. 1933. Report on collection of amphibians and reptiles from Sonora, Mexico, with the description of a new lizard. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, Number 259, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Allmon, W.D. 1994. The value of natural history collections. Curator 37:83–89.
Allran, J.W. and W.H. Karasov. 2000. Effects of atrazine and nitrate on northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens) larva exposed in the laboratory from posthatch through metamorphosis. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19:2850–2855.
Allran, J.W. and W.H. Karasov. 2001. Effects of atrazine on embryos, larvae, and adults of anuran amphibians. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 20:769–775.
Alm, G. 1952. Year-class fluctuations and span of life in perch. Reports of the Institute for Freshwater Research, Drottningholm 33:17–38.
Altig, R. 1967. Food of Siren intermedia nettingi in a spring-fed swamp in southern Illinois. American Midland Naturalist 77:239–241.
Altig, R. 1969. Notes on the ontogeny of the osseous cranium of Ascaphus truei. Herpetologica 25:59–62.
Altig, R. 1970. A key to the tadpoles of the continental United States and Canada. Herpetologica 26:180–207.
Altig, R. 1972a. Defensive behavior in Rana areolata and Hyla avivoca. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Science 35:212–216.
Altig, R. 1972b. Notes on the larvae and premetamorphic tadpoles of four Hyla and three Rana with notes on tadpole color patterns. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 88:113–119.
Altig, R. 1974. Defensive behavior in Rana areolata and Hyla avivoca. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Science 35:212–216.
Altig, R. 1981. Status report on the Amargosa toad (Bufo nelsoni). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Boise Area Office, Contract report number 14420-1400-170-00, Boise, Idaho (available from Nevada Natural Heritage Program, Carson City, Nevada).
Altig, R. and E.D. Brodie Jr. 1968. Albinistic and cyanistic frogs from Oregon. Wasmann Journal of Biology 1968:241–242.
Altig, R. and E.D. Brodie Jr. 1971. Foods of Plethodon larselli, Plethodon dunni, and Ensatina eschscholtzii in the Columbia River Gorge, Multnomah County, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist 85:226–228.
Altig, R. and E.D. Brodie Jr. 1972. Laboratory behavior of Ascaphus truei tadpoles. Journal of Herpetology 6:21–24.
Altig, R. and M.T. Christensen. 1981. Behavioral characteristics of the tadpoles of Rana heckscheri. Journal of Herpetology 15:151–154.
Altig, R. and K. Dodd Jr. 1987. The status of the Amargosa toad (Bufo nelsoni) in the Amargosa River drainage of Nevada. Southwestern Naturalist 32:276–278.
Altig, R. and G.F. Johnson. 1986. Major characteristics of free-living anuran tadpoles. Smithsonian Herpetological Information Service, Number 67, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Altig, R. and J.P. Kelly. 1974. Indices of feeding in anuran tadpoles as indicated by gut characteristics. Herpetologica 30:200–203.
Altig, R. and P.H. Ireland. 1984. A key to salamander larvae and larviform adults of the United States and Canada. Herpetologica 40:212–218.
Altig, R. and R. Lohoefener. 1983. Rana areolata. Pp. 324.1–324.4. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, St. Louis, Missouri.
Altig, R. and R.W. McDiarmid. 1999. Diversity: familial and generic characterizations. Pp. 295–337. In McDiarmid, R.W. and R. Altig (Eds.), Tadpoles: The Biology of Anuran Larvae. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
Altig, R. and W.L. Pace 1974. Scanning electron photomicrographs of tadpole labial teeth. Journal of Herpetology 8:247–251.
Altig, R., R.W. McDiarmid, K.A. Nichols and P.C. Ustach. 1998. A key to the anuran tadpoles of the United States and Canada. Contemporary Herpetology Information Series 2:1–53. http://dataserver.calacademy.org/herpetology/herpdocs/chis/1998/2/index.htm.
Altschul, S.F. and D.J. Lipman. 1990. Equal animals. Nature 348:493–94.
Alvarado, R.H. 1967. The significance of grouping on water conservation in Ambystoma. Copeia 1967:667–668.
Ameel, D.J. 1938. The morphology and life cycle of Euryhelmis monorchis n. sp. (Trematoda) from the mink. Journal of Parasitology 24:219–224.
American Society for Testing and Materials. 1989. Standard guide for conducting acute toxicity tests with fishes, macroinvertebrates, and amphibians. American Society for Testing and Materials, E729-88a, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
American Society for Testing and Materials. 1991. Standard guide for conducting the frog embryo teratogenesis assay-Xenopus (FETAX). American Society for Testing and Materials, E1439-91, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Amin, O.M. and W.L. Minckley. 1996. Parasites of some fish introduced into an Arizona reservoir, with notes on introductions. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington 36:139–200.
Ammon, E.M., C.R. Gourley, K.W. Wilson, D.A. Ross and C.R. Peterson. 2003. Strategies for effective habitat restoration for the Columbia spotted frog (Rana luteiventris): a case study on the Provo River population. Proceedings of the Riparian Habitat and Floodplain Conference, 12–14 March 2001, Sacramento, California.
AmphibiaWeb. 2002. Discussion board, taxonomy issues, status of Bufo nelsoni. http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/aw/discus/index.html.
Anderson, A.M., D.A. Haukos and J.T. Anderson. 1999a. Habitat use by anurans emerging and breeding in playa wetlands. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27:759–769.
Anderson, A.M., D.A. Haukos and J.T. Anderson. 1999b. Diet composition of three anurans from the playa wetlands of northwest Texas. Copeia 1999:515–520.
Anderson, A.R. and J. W. Petranka. 2003. Odonate predator does not affect hatching time or morphology of embryos of two amphibians. Journal of Herpetology 37:65–71.
Anderson, B.D., M.E. Feder and R.J. Full. 1991. Consequences of a gait change during locomotion in toads (Bufo woodhousii fowleri). Journal of Experimental Biology 158:133–148.
Anderson, D.M. 1983. The natural divisions of Ohio. Natural Areas Journal 3:23–33.
Anderson, G.A. 1964. Digenetic trematodes of Ascaphus truei in western Oregon. Ph.D. dissertation. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
Anderson, G.A. and I. Pratt. 1965. Cercaria and first intermediate host of Euryhelmis squamula. Journal of Parasitology 51:13–15.
Anderson, G.A., G.W. Martin and I. Pratt. 1966. The life cycle of the trematode Cephalouterina dicamptodoni Senger and Macy, 1953. Journal of Parasitology 52:704–706.
Anderson, G.A., S.C. Schell and I. Pratt. 1965. The life cycle of Bunoderella metteri (Allocreadiidae: Bunoderinae), a trematode parasite of Ascaphus truei. Journal of Parasitology 51:579–582.
Anderson, J.D. 1961. The courtship behavior of Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum. Copeia 1961:132–139.
Anderson, J.D. 1963. Reactions of the western mole to skin secretions of Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum. Herpetologica 1963:282–284.
Anderson, J.D. 1965. Ambystoma annulatum. Pp. 19.1–19.2. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, St. Louis, Missouri.
Anderson, J.D. 1967a. A comparison of the life histories of coastal and montane populations of Ambystoma macrodactylum in California. American Midland Naturalist 77:323–354.
Anderson, J.D. 1967b. Ambystoma maculatum. Pp. 51.1–51.4. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, St. Louis, Missouri.
Anderson, J.D. 1968. A comparison of the food habits of Ambystoma macrodactylum sigillatum, Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum, and Ambystoma tigrinum californiense. Herpetologica 24:273–284.
Anderson, J.D. 1969. Dicamptodon and Dicamptodon ensatus. Pp. 76.1–76.2. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, St. Louis, Missouri.
Anderson, J.D. and R.V. Giacosie. 1967. Ambystoma laterale in New Jersey. Herpetologica 23:108–111.
Anderson, J.D. and R.E. Graham. 1967. Vertical migration and stratification of larval Ambystoma. Copeia 1967:371–374.
Anderson, J.D. and W.Z. Lidicker Jr. 1963. A contribution of our knowledge of the herpetofauna of the Mexican state of Aguascalientes. Herpetologica 19:40–51.
Anderson, J.D. and P.J. Martino. 1966. The life history of Eurycea l. longicauda associated with ponds. American Midland Naturalist 75:257–279.
Anderson, J.D. and P.J. Martino. 1967. Food habits of Eurycea longicauda. Herpetologica 23:105–108.
Anderson, J.D. and G.K. Williamson. 1973. The breeding season of Ambystoma opacum in the northern and southern parts of its range. Journal of Herpetology 7:320–321.
Anderson, J.D. and G.K. Williamson. 1974. Nocturnal stratification in larvae of the mole salamander, Ambystoma talpoideum. Herpetologica 30:28–29.
Anderson, J.D. and G.K. Williamson. 1976. Terrestrial mode of reproduction in Ambystoma cingulatum. Herpetologica 32:214–221.
Anderson, J.D., D.D. Hassinger and G.H. Dalrymple. 1971. Natural mortality of eggs and larvae of Ambystoma t. tigrinum. Ecology 52:1107–1112.
Anderson, K. and H.G. Dowling. 1982. Geographic distribution: Hyla gratiosa (barking treefrog). Herpetological Review 13:130.
Anderson, K. and P.E. Moler. 1986. Natural hybrids of the pine barrens treefrog Hyla andersonii with H. cinerea and H. femoralis (Anura: Hylidae): morphological and chromosomal evidence. Copeia 1986:70–76.
Anderson, M.E. 1977. Aspects of the ecology of two sympatric species of Thamnophis and heavy metal accumulation within the species. Master's thesis. University of Montana, Polson, Montana.
Anderson, P. 1950. A range extension for the ringed salamander, Ambystoma annulatum Cope. Herpetologica 6:55.
Anderson, P.D. and S. D’Apollonia. 1978. Aquatic animals. Pp. 187–211. In Butler, G.C. (Ed.), Principles of Ecotoxicology. Wiley Publishers, Toronto.
Anderson, P.K. 1942. Amphibians and reptiles of Jackson County, Missouri. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Science 6:203–220.
Anderson, P.K. 1951. Albinism in tadpoles of Microhyla carolinensis. Herpetologica 7:56.
Anderson, P.K. 1952. Notes on amphibian and reptile populations in a Louisiana pineland area. Ecology 33:274–278.
Anderson, P.K. 1954. Studies in the ecology of the narrow-mouthed toad, Microhyla carolinensis carolinensis. Tulane Studies in Zoology 2:15–46.
Anderson, P.K. 1960. Ecology and evolution in island populations of salamanders in the San Francisco Bay region. Ecological Monographs 30:359–385.
Anderson, P.K., E.A. Liner and R.E. Etheridge. 1952. Notes on amphibian and reptile populations in a Louisiana pineland area. Ecology 33:274–278.
Anderson, R.K., D.F. Sorensen, V. Perman, V.A. Dirks, M.M. Snyder and J.E. Bearman. 1971. Selected epizootiologic aspects of bovine leukemia in Minnesota (1961–1965). American Journal of Veterinary Research 32:563–577.
Anderson, R.M. and R.L. May. 1980. Infectious diseases and population cycles of forest insects. Science 210:658–661.
Andrewartha, H.G. and L.C. Birch. 1954. The Distribution and Abundance of Animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Andrews, J.S. 2000. Vermont herp atlas: Update. Vermont Nongame and Natural Heritage Program, Middlebury, Vermont.
Andrews, K.D., R.L. Lampley, M.A. Gillman, D.T. Corey, S.R. Ballard, M.J. Blasczyk and W.G. Dyer. 1992. Helminths of Rana catesbeiana in southern Illinois with a checklist of helminths in bullfrogs of North America. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 85:147–172.
Angermann, J.E., G.M. Fellers and F. Matsumura. 2002. Polychlorinated biphenyls and toxaphene in Pacific treefrog tadpoles (Hyla regilla) from the California Sierra Nevada, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21:2209–2215.
Angle, J.P. 1969. The reproductive cycle of the northern ravine salamander, Plethodon richmondi richmondi, in the Valley and Ridge Province of Pennsylvania and Maryland. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science 59:192–202.
Angle, J.P. 1969. The reproductive cycle of the northern ravine salamander, Plethodon richmondi richmondi, in the Valley and Ridge Province of Pennsylvania and Maryland. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 59:192–202.
Anholt, B.R., D.K. Skelly and E.E. Werner. 1996. Factors modifying antipredator behavior in larval toads. Herpetologica 52:301–313.
Anholt, B.R., E. Werner and D.K. Skelly. 2000. Effect of food and predators on the activity of four larval ranid frogs. Ecology 81:3509–3521.
Ankley, G.T. 1997. Are increases in ultraviolet light a plausible factor contributing to amphibian deformities? NAAMP III Online Paper, http://www.im.nbs.gov/naamp3/papers /deformuv.html.
Ankley, G.T., J.E. Tietge, D.L. DeFoe, K.M. Jensen, G.W. Holcombe, E.J. Durhan and S.A. Diamond. 1998. Effects of ultraviolet light and methoprene on survival and development of Rana pipiens. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17:2530–2542.
Ankley, G.T., J.E. Tietge, G.W. Holcombe, D.L. DeFoe, S.A. Diamond, K.M. Jensen and S.J. Degitz. 2000. Effects of laboratory ultraviolet radiation and natural sunlight on survival and development of Rana pipiens. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:1092–1100.
Anonymous (Associated Press). 1977a. Endangered toad may halt building. Dallas Morning News, 24 June.
Anonymous (Associated Press). 1977b. U.S. comes to the defense of a toad. San Francisco Chronicle, 25 June.
Anonymous (Cox News Service). 1990b. Texas to spend $51,000 building tunnels for toads. Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, 25 July.
Anonymous. 1933. Civil minutes, Bastrop County Court, 7 August.
Anonymous. 1934. Civil minutes, Bastrop County Court, 24 May.
Anonymous. 1936. Golf club plans being whipped into shape here. BastropAdvertiser and County News,6 August.
Anonymous. 1960. Texas State Parks Board, Bastrop State Park Golf Contract, 2 November.
Anonymous. 1963. Bastrop City Council minutes, 9 December.
Anonymous. 1964. Bastrop City Council minutes, 3 April.
Anonymous. 1966–'68. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: Planning, design and construction division report for work authorized by Article III, House Bill Number 12, 59th Legislature, FY 1965–'66, 1966–'67, and 1967–'68.
Anonymous. 1966a. Bastrop City Council minutes, 13 January.
Anonymous. 1966b. Bastrop City Council minutes, 24 January.
Anonymous. 1973. Recovery plan for Houston toad, Bufo houstonensis. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C.
Anonymous. 1975. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department feasibility study of the construction of an additional nine holes at the Bastrop State Park Golf Course, August.
Anonymous. 1976. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Commission agenda item, Bastrop State Park Golf Course expansion feasibility study, Exhibit A: History and Operation of the Golf Course, February.
Anonymous. 1978a. Bastrop City Council minutes, 12 June.
Anonymous. 1978b. Defending the toad. Fortune 97:45.
Anonymous. 1980. At the crossroads 1980; A report on California’s endangered and rare fish and wildlife. State of California Resources Agency, Fish and Game Commission and Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, California.
Anonymous. 1987. Rediscovery of the Wyoming toad. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin 12:7.
Anonymous. 1989. Residents rally to protect pines. Bastrop Advertiser and County News, 9 January.
Anonymous. 1990a. 105 trees face the chainsaw. Bastrop Advertiser and County News, 30 June.
Anonymous. 1990c. Bastrop Park golfers frustrated by friends of toad. Bastrop Advertiser, 24 September.
Anonymous. 1993. Postmetamorphic death syndrome. Froglog: Newsletter of the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force 7:1–2.
Anonymous. 1993a. Transcript of Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission meeting, January.
Anonymous. 1993b. Reverse performance evaluation. Tricks & Trials, July and August.
Anonymous. 1994a. Local park grant project scoring summary, Bastrop State Park golf course expansion. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department internal document, 31 January.
Anonymous. 1994b. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Commission agenda item Number 1, Exhibit B: Bastrop State Park Lost Pines Golf Course Expansion, January.
Anonymous. 1994c. Houston toad habitat evaluation procedure. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 14 February.
Anonymous. 1994d. Ranchers have little to fear from toad. Smithville Times, 8 September.
Anonymous. 1994e. Environmental assessment for Bastrop State Park golf course expansion. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Undated.
Anonymous. 1995a. Transcript from Senate Nominations Committee confirmation hearing for Texas Parks and Wildlife Commissioners, 6 March.
Anonymous. 1995b. National Park Service site inspection report, Bastrop State Park, Bastrop County, Texas; Purpose of visit: to review proposed golf course project and assess its effect on historic district, 13 March.
Anonymous. 1995c. Groups unite to fight golf course. Smithville Times, 16 March.
Anonymous. 1995d. How many golf holes are needed? Smithville Times, 20 April.
Anonymous. 1995e. Finding of no significant impact/decision record; Land and Water Conservation Fund application number 48-01022; Bastrop State Park golf course expansion. National Park Service, Southwest Region, 11 May.
Anonymous. 1995f. Memorandum of agreement between Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, National Park Service, Texas Historical Commission and Advisory Council on Historic Preservation to take into account the effects of the Bastrop State Park golf course expansion on historic properties, 11 May.
Anonymous. 1995g. Park work begins; jail inmates clear trees for nine-hole addition. Bastrop Advertiser, 8 July.
Anonymous. 1995h. Expansion issue fueled. Elgin Courier, 26 July.
Anonymous. 1995i. EarthFirst! halts dozer. Smithville Times, 27 July.
Anonymous. 1995j. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department amendment to Bastrop State Park golf course agreement with Lost Pines Golf Club.
Anonymous. 1995k. Golf course monitored. Smithville Times, 2 November.
Anonymous. 1995l. Ohio sportsman’s atlas. Back roads and outdoor recreation. Sportsman’s Atlas Company, Lytton, Iowa.
Anonymous. 1996a. Arizona Game and Fish Department herp diversity review, element occurrence notebook. Heritage Data Management System, Phoenix, Arizona.
Anonymous. 1996b. Directory of Ohio’s State Nature Preserves. Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Natural Areas and Preserves, Columbus, Ohio.
Anonymous. 1996c. Texas property tax guidelines for qualification of agricultural land in wildlife management use. Comptroller of Public Accounts, April.
Anonymous. 1998a. State park honored as national landmark. Bastrop Advertiser, 30 July.
Anonymous. 1998b. Challenge cost-share agreement between USFWS and Lower Colorado River Authority, Bastrop County, Bastrop Board of Realtors, Bastrop County Environmental Network, Bastrop Economic Development Corporation, Champion International. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Agreement, Number 1448-20181-98-J609, Bastrop, Texas.
Anonymous. 1998c. County issues bonds for road, bridge repairs. Bastrop Advertiser, 12 November.
Anonymous. 1999. A&M to join toad conservation planning. Bastrop Advertiser, 20 November.
Anonymous. 2000. Bastrop Park expansion approved. Austin American-Statesman, 21 January.
Anonymous. Undated, ca. 1995. Lost Pines Golf Course revenue. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, internal document.
Anthony, C.D. 1993. Recognition of conspecific odors by Plethodon caddoensis and P. ouachitae. Copeia 1993:1028–1033.
Anthony, C.D. 1995. Competitive interactions within and between two species of Plethodon in the Ouachita Mountains: effects of territoriality and parasitism. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette, Louisiana.
Anthony, C.D. and J.A. Wicknick. 1993a. Geographic distribution: Plethodon ouachitae (Rich Mountain salamander). Herpetological Review 24:152.
Anthony, C.D. and J.A. Wicknick. 1993b. Aggressive interactions and chemical communication between adult and juvenile salamanders. Journal of Herpetology 27:261–264.
Anthony, C.D., J.R. Mendelson III and R.R. Simons. 1994. Differential parasitism by sex on plethodontid salamanders and histological evidence for structural damage to the nasolabial groove. American Midland Naturalist 132:302–307.
Anthony, C.D., J.A. Wicknick and R.G. Jaeger. 1997. Social interactions in two sympatric salamanders: effectiveness of a highly aggressive strategy. Behaviour 134:71–88.
Antonelli, A.L., R.A. Nussbaum and S.D. Smith. 1972. Comparative food habits of four species of stream-dwelling vertebrates (Dicamptodon ensatus, D. copei, Cottus tenuis, Salmo gairdneri). Northwest Science 46:277–289.
Anver, M.R. 1992. Amphibian tumors: a comparison of anurans and urodeles. In Vivo 6:435–438.
Anzalone, C.R., L.B. Kats and M.S. Gordon. 1998. Effects of solar UV-B radiation on embryonic development in Hyla cadavarina, Hyla regilla, and Taricha torosa. Conservation Biology 12:646–653.
Applegate, R.D. 1978. Spruce grouse feeds on mink frog. Loon 10:207.
Applegate, R.D. 1990. Natural history notes: Rana catesbeiana, Rana palustris (bullfrog, pickerel frog). Predation. Herpetological Review 21:90–91.
Araujo, M., A. Goldbloom, K. Nichols, J.S. Seffert and J.A. Deloney. 1990. Texas outdoor recreation plan—Assessment and policy plan. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas.
Aresco, M.J. 2001. Natural history notes: Siren lacertina (greater siren). Aestivation chamber. Herpetological Review 32:32–33.
Aresco, M.J. 2002. Natural history notes: Amphiuma means (two-toed amphiuma). Overland migration. Herpetological Review 33:296–297.
Aresco, M.J. and C. Guyer. 1999. Burrow abandonment by gopher tortoises in slash pine plantations of the Conecuh National Forest. Journal of Wildlife Management 63:26–35.
Aresco, M.J. and R.N. Reed. 1998. Natural history notes: Rana capito sevosa (dusky gopher frog). Predation. Herpetological Review 29:40.
Arita, H.T., F. Figueroa, A. Frisch, P. Rodriguez and K. Santos del Prado. 1997. Geographical range size and the conservation of Mexican mammals. Conservation Biology 11:92–100.
Arizona Game and Fish Department, Eds. In preparation. Wildlife of Special Concern in Arizona. Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Program. Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, Arizona.
Arizona Game and Fish Department. 1988. Threatened native wildlife in Arizona. Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, Arizona.
Arizona Game and Fish Department. 1996. Wildlife of special concern (public review draft). Nongame Branch, Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, Arizona.
Arizona Game and Fish Department. 1999a. Amphibians by county for Arizona. Unpublished report compiled and edited by the Heritage Data Management System, Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, Arizona.
Arizona Game and Fish Department. 1999b. Amphibians by county. Unpublished report compiled by the Riparian Herpetofauna Database, Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, Arizona.
Arizona Game and Fish Department. 1999c. Arizona Wildlife Views, Special Edition. Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, Arizona.
Armentrout, D. and F.L. Rose. 1971. Some physiological responses to anoxia in the Great Plains toad, Bufo cognatus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 38:447–455.
Armstrong, E.P., D.W. Halton, R.C. Tinsley, J. Cable, R.N. Johnston, C.F. Johnston and C. Shaw. 1997. Immunocytochemical evidence for the involvement of an FMRFamide-related peptide in egg production in the flatworm parasite Polystoma nearticum. Journal of Comparative Neurology 377:41–48.
Arndt, R.G. 1977. A blue variant of the green frog Rana clamitans melanota (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae) from Delaware. Journal of Herpetology 11:102–103.
Arndt, R.G. and J.F. White. 1988. Geographic distribution: Hyla gratiosa (barking treefrog). Herpetological Review 19:16.
Arnold, L.W. 1943. Notes on two species of desert toads. Copeia 1943:128.
Arnold, S.J. 1972. The evolution of courtship behavior in salamanders. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Arnold, S.J. 1976. Sexual behavior, sexual interference and sexual defense in the salamanders Ambystoma maculatum, Ambystoma tigrinum and Plethodon jordani. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 42:247–300.
Arnold, S.J. 1977. The evolution of courtship behavior in new world salamanders with some comments on old world salamanders. Pp. 141–183. In Taylor, D.H. and S.I. Guttman (Eds.), The Reproductive Biology of Amphibians. Plenum Press, New York.
Arnold, S.J. 1982. A quantitative approach to antipredator performance: salamander defense against snake attack. Copeia 1982:247–253.
Arnold, S.J. and T. Halliday. 1986. Life history notes: Hyla regilla (Pacific treefrog). Predation. Herpetological Review 17:44.
Arnqvist, G. and D. Wooster. 1995. Meta-analysis: synthesizing research findings in ecology and evolution. TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution 12:236–240.
Aronson, L.R. 1944a. The sexual behavior of Anura. 6. The mating pattern of Bufo americanus, Bufo fowleri, and Bufo terrestris. American Museum Novitates, Number 1250, American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Aronson, L.R. 1944b. Breeding Xenopus laevis. American Naturalist 78:131–141.
Ash, A. 1988. Disappearance of salamanders from clearcut plots. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 104:116–122.
Ash, A.N. 1997. Disappearance and return of plethodontid salamanders to clearcut plots in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains. Conservation Biology 11:983–989.
Ash, A.N. and R.C. Bruce. 1994. Impacts of timber harvesting on salamanders. Conservation Biology 8:300–301.
Ash, A.N., R.C. Bruce, J. Castanet and H. Francillon-Vieillot. 2003. Population parameters of Plethodon metcalfi on a 1-year-old clearcut and in a nearby forest in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains. Journal of Herpetology 37:445–452.
Ashley, E.P. and J.T. Robinson. 1996. Road mortality of amphibians, reptiles and other wildlife on the Long Point Causeway, Lake Erie, Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110:403–412.
Ashton, A.D. and F.C. Rabalais. 1978. Helminth parasites of some anurans of northwestern Ohio. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 45:141–142.
Ashton, D.T., A.J. Lind and K.E. Schlock. 1998. Foothill yellow-legged frog (Rana boylii) natural history. U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Redwood Sciences Laboratory, Arcata, California.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. 1975. A study of the movement, home range, and winter behavior of Desmognathus fuscus (Rafinesque). Journal of Herpetology 9:85–91.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. 1976. Endangered and threatened amphibians and reptiles in the United States. Edwards, S.R. and G.R. Pisani (Eds.). Herpetological Circular, Number 5, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Athens, Ohio.
Ashton, R.E. 1977. The central newt, Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis (Wolterstorff) in Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 79:15–19.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. 1985. Field and laboratory observations on microhabitat selection, movements, and home range of Necturus lewisi (Brimley). Brimleyana 10:83–106.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. 1990. Necturus lewisi. Pp. 456.1–456.2. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, St. Louis, Missouri.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. 1992. Flatwoods salamander. Pp. 39–43. In Moler, P.E. (Ed.), Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida. Volume III. Amphibians and Reptiles. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. and P.S. Ashton. 1978. Movements and winter behavior of Eurycea bislineata bislineata (Amphibia, Urodela, Plethodontidae). Journal of Herpetology 12:295–298.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. and P.S. Ashton. 1988. Handbook of Reptiles and Amphibians of Florida: Part Three: The Amphibians. Windward Publishing, Miami, Florida.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. and A.L. Braswell. 1979. Nests and larvae of the Neuse River waterdog, Necturus lewisi (Brimley) (Amphibia: Proteidae). Brimleyana 1:15–22.
Ashton, R.E., Jr. and J. Peavy. 1986. Black warrior waterdog, Necturus sp. Pp. 63–65. In Mount, R.H. (Ed.), Vertebrate Animals of Alabama in Need of Special Attention. Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn, Alabama.
Ashton, R.E., Jr., S.I. Guttman and P. Buckley. 1973. Notes on the distribution, coloration, and the breeding of the Hudson Bay toad, Bufo americanus copei. Journal of Herpetology 7:17–20.
Ashton, T.E. 1966. An annotated check list of order Caudata (Amphibia) of Davidson County, Tennessee. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 41:106–111.
Asquith, A. and R. Altig. 1987. Phototaxis and activity patterns of Siren intermedia. Southwestern Naturalist 32:146–148.
Asquith, N.M. 2001. Misdirections in conservation biology. Conservation Biology 15:345–352.
Atrazine Ecological Risk Assessment Panel. 1995. Ecological risk assessment of atrazine in North American surface waters. CIBA Crop Protection, Greensboro, North Carolina.
Aubry, K.B. 2000. Amphibians in managed, second-growth Douglas-fir forests. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:1041–1052.
Aubry, K.B. and P.A. Hall. 1991. Terrestrial amphibian communities in the southern Washington Cascade Range. Pp. 326–338. In Ruggiero, L.F., K.B. Aubry, A.B. Carey and M.H. Huff (Tech. Coords.), Wildlife and Vegetation of Unmanaged Douglas-fir Forests. U.S.D.A. Forest Service, General Technical Report, PNW-GTR-285, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, Oregon.
Aubry, K.B., L.L. Jones and P.A. Hall. 1988. Use of woody debris by plethodontid salamanders in Douglas-fir forests in Washington. Pp. 32–37. In Szaro, R.C., K.E. Severson and D.R. Patton (Tech. Coords.), Management of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Small Mammals in North America. U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Technical Report, Number RM-166, Fort Collins, Colorado.
Aubry, K.B., C.M. Senger and R.L. Crawford. 1987. Discovery of the Larch Mountain salamander (Plethodon larselli) in the central Cascade Range of Washington. Biological Conservation 42:147–152.
Auclair, W. 1961. Monolayer culture of Rana pipiens kidney and ecological factors. Pp. 107–113. In Duryee, W.R. and L. Warner (Eds.), Proceedings of the Frog Kidney Adenocarcinoma Conference. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.
Auerbach, M.J., E.F. Connor and S. Mopper. 1995. Minor miners and major miners: population dynamics of leaf-mining insects. Pp. 83–110. In Cappachino, N. and P. Price (Eds.), Population Dynamics: New Approaches and Synthesis. Academic Press, New York.
Austin, M. and P.C. Heyligers. 1991. Vegetation theory in relation to cost-efficient surveys. Pp. 31–36. In Margules, C.R. and M.P. Austin (Eds.), Nature Conservation: Cost Effective Biological Surveys and Data Analysis. Commonwealth Scientific, Industrial, and Research Organization, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Austin, R.M., Jr. 1993. The reproductive life history of a low altitude population of Desmognathus quadramaculatus (Amphibia: Plethodontidae). Master’s thesis. Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama.
Austin, R.M., Jr. 2000. Cutaneous microbial flora and antibiosis in Plethodon ventralis: inferences for parental care in the Plethodontidae. Pp. 451–462. In Bruce, R.C., R.G. Jaeger and L.D. Houck (Eds.), The Biology of Plethodontid Salamanders. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
Austin, R.M., Jr. and C.D. Camp. 1992. Larval development of black-bellied salamanders, Desmognathus quadramaculatus, in northeastern Georgia. Herpetologica 48:313–317.
Avery, M.I. and R. Leslie. 1990. Birds and Forestry. Poyser, Calton, United Kingdom.
Avila, V.L. and P.G. Frye. 1978. Feeding behavior of the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis Daudin): (Amphibia, Anura, Pipidae): effect of prey type. Journal of Herpetology 12:391–396.
Avise, J.C. and J.L. Hamrick (Eds.). 1996. Conservation Genetics. Chapman and Hall, New York.
Avise J.C. and W.S. Nelson. 1989. Molecular genetic relationships of the extinct dusky seaside sparrow. Science 243:646–648.
Awbrey, F.T. 1963. Homing and home range in Bufo valliceps. Texas Journal of Science 15:127–141.
Awbrey, F.T. 1972. “Mating call” of a Bufo boreas male. Copeia 1972:579–581.
Awbrey, F.T. 1978. Social interaction among chorusing Pacific treefrogs, Hyla regilla. Copeia 1978:208–214.
Axelrod, D.I. and P.H. Raven. 1985. Origins of the Cordilleran flora. Journal of Biogeography 12:21–47.
Axtell, H.H. and R.C. Axtell 1948. Pseudotriton ruber in central New York state. Copeia 1948:64.
Axtell, R.W. 1958. Female reaction to the male call in two anurans (Amphibia). Southwestern Naturalist 3:70–76.
Axtell, R.W. 1959. Amphibians and reptiles of the Black Gap National Wildlife Management Area, Brewster County, Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 4:88–109.
Axtell, R.W. and N. Haskell. 1977. An interhiatal population of Pseudacris streckeri from Illinois, with an assessment of its postglacial dispersion history. Natural History Miscellanea, Number 202, Chicago Academy of Sciences, Chicago, Illinois.
AZA (American Zoo and Aquarium Association). 1998. Wyoming toad 98 fact sheet. http://www.aza.org/programs/ssp/ssp.cfm
Azevedo-Ramos, C. 1992. Ecology of Bufo marinus tadpoles in Central Amazonian savanna: Unpublished Progress Report, Department of Zoology, Belem, Para, Brasil.