This Argentinean endemic is distributed from the type locality of La Banderita (27° 08'S; 66° 02'W) (Catamarca Province) north to Los Sosa River (Tucumán Province), ranging from 1,400-2,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is mostly aquatic, occurring in montane forest streams in the Aconquija Range (Tucumán-Catamarca, Argentina), and is not present in modified areas. Breeding takes place in the streams, and the larvae are aquatic; there is no dispersal between streams.
It is a rare species.
The major threat is habitat loss and degradation due to selective logging and clear-cutting of primary forests and conversion of habitat to wood plantations. Other threats include alteration of watersheds, sedimentation and pollution of waterbodies (often by livestock, but also from mining waste), and predation by introduced trout. Chytridiomycosis may be a potential future threat.
A few populations are protected in Parque Nacional Los Alisos. Conservation actions needed to conserve the species include the expansion of existing protected areas to ensure increased protection of habitat; the control of invasive predators within protected areas; and close population monitoring, particularly given the threat of chyrid.
Esteban Lavilla 2004. Telmatobius ceiorum. In: IUCN 2014