AMPHIBIAWEB
Strongylopus hymenopus

Subgenus: Pyxycephalinae
family: Pyxicephalidae
subfamily: Cacosterninae
 
Species Description: revalidation of Boulenger's 1820 species and removal from synonymy with Amietia fuscigula; Clarke BT, Poynton JC 2012 On the generic and specific identity of the holotype of Rana hymenopus Boulenger 1920 (Amphibia: Anura: Pyxicephalidae). Zootaxa 3195: 51-56.

© 2011 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the Encyclopedia of Life account:

Distribution

A. fuscigula is found in South Africa; there is an extralimital population occurring in the Naukluft Mountains in Namibia (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Channing, A.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Habitat and Ecology

A. fuscigula inhabits mainly the Grassland and Fynbos biomes, but fragmented populations occur in the southwestern parts of the arid Succulent Karoo and Nama Karoo biomes. It occurs in both winter- and summer rainfall areas, where annual precipitation ranges from 200 mm in the Karoo to >3000 mm on the Cape fold mountains. A. fuscigula uses the same habitat throughout the year. It is associated with permanent springs, ponds and farm dams in the dry northwest, while elsewhere it occurs along most well-vegetated waterways (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Channing, A.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Associations

Amietia fuscigula tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (chytrid fungus that causes the disease chytridiomycosis) in Stutterheim, South Africa in 2002 (Lane et al. 2003). The species also tested positive in Gharries in 1996, Port Elizabeth, Kammieskroon, Kammiesberg, Springbok and Goegap NR in 2004 (Weldon 2005).


Author: Bergmann, Travis
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Associations

Rose (1962) and Channing (1979) describe that these frogs eat anything that comes within reach, mostly insects. Food records include a mouse, other frogs, including conspecific frogs, and crabs (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Channing, A.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

Reproduction

Breeding takes place throughout the year, with a peak in the rainy season. Males often call from the surface of deep water, and can be heard calling during the day and night (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Channing, A.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/

IUCN Red List Category and Justification of Conservation Status

This widespread species is not threatened and no special conservation measures are needed (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).


Author: Channing, A.
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/