AMPHIBIAWEB
Scolecomorphus kirkii
Kirk's Caecilian
family: Scolecomorphidae

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
See IUCN account.
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

   

Description
Scolecomorphus kirkii is the largest species of Scolecomorphus; adults range from 215-463 mm in length. There are 130-152 primary annuli. Dorsally, the coloration is lavender-gray; this coloration extends ventrally so that it encroaches on the sides of the venter. Midventral surfaces are flesh or cream colored. The top and sides of the head are dark, but a light area is visible along the tentacle tract. Eyes are located on the tentacles, which allows the eyes to be projected outside the skull when the tentacles are extruded, and the black retina is visible through the skin and skull bones.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Malawi, Tanzania, United Republic of

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
Scolecomorphus kirkii occurs in Eastern equatorial Africa in Malawi and Tanzania. These caecilians inhabit tropical rainforest and agricultural areas in mountainous regions. They are found in surface litters and soils.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
These caecilians are efficient burrowers. The diet consists of arthropods, with soil also being found in the guts. This species is viviparous.

Trends and Threats
Not threatened.

References
 

Nussbaum, R. A. (2003). ''Kirk's caecilian, Scolecomorphus kirkii.'' Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, Volume 6, Amphibians. 2nd edition. M. Hutchins, W. E. Duellman, and N. Schlager, eds., Gale Group, Farmington Hills, Michigan.



Written by Peera Chantasirivisal (Kris818 AT berkeley.edu), URAP, UC Berkeley
First submitted 2005-09-27
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2008-01-04)



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2014. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: Sep 2, 2014).

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