AMPHIBIAWEB
Scinax faivovichi
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae
 
Species Description: Brasileiro, Oyamaguchi & Haddad. 2007 A New Island Species of Scinax (Anura; Hylidae) from Southeastern Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 41(2): 271-275

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Brazil

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
See IUCN account.
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

Scinax faivovichi is known only from Ilha de Porcos Pequena (23 22' 32.6" S, 44 54' 01.6" W, C.A. Brasileiro pers. comm. 2008), a 24-ha island approximately 0.74 km from the northern coast of São Paulo state, Brazil (Brasileiro et al. 2007). The species occurs between 0-80 m asl (C.A. Brasileiro pers. comm. 2008).

Habitat and Ecology

The species is restricted to the Ilha de Porcos Pequena, a privately-owned island covered by native preserved Atlantic Forest. Males of the species are known to call in the months of April, October, and December, although less so during April. They are nocturnal, calling from bromeliad leaves. Females were also found on bromeliad leaves. Tadpoles were found in bromeliad axils during October and December, suggesting that breeding season coincides with early summer rains in September/October (Brasileiro et al. 2007).

Population

The species is abundant within the island, especially on rainy and hot nights (Brasileiro et al. 2007).

Population Trend

Stable

Major Threats

Given its extremely restricted range and habitat specificity, S. faivovichi is believed to be susceptible to extinction because of habitat modification or disturbance (Brasileiro et al. 2007). This modification includes destruction of the species' breeding habitat, bromeliads (C.A. Brasileiro pers. comm. 2008).

Conservation Actions

The island does not have any legal conservation status under federal laws. In view of its small distribution and the absence of any enforcement, S. faivovichi should be in a threatened IUCN category (Brasileiro et al. 2007).

Taxonomic Notes

In the Scinax perpusillus group according to the original publication. Scinax faivovichi is diagnosed by a combination of morphological characters (Brasileiro et al. 2007).

Citation

Cinthia Brasileiro 2008. Scinax faivovichi. In: IUCN 2014

 

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