This species' geographic range includes east-central Peru (Huanuco, Pasco and Ucayali Departments) and adjacent Brazil. It has not yet been recorded from Bolivia, but is expected to occur there. It has an altitudinal range of below 300m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species of lowland tropical moist forest. Breeding takes place in small tree holes, tadpoles are carried to water by the parents. It is not known if it can occur in secondary or modified habitats.
It is not a common species.
No major threats, a widespread species with large areas of suitable protected habitat remaining. In Brazil there is localized forest conversion for agricultural purposes. There is possibly some illegal trade in this species.
Within Brazil there are a number of protected areas (conservation units) present within its range.
Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Javier Icochea 2004. Ranitomeya vanzolinii. In: IUCN 2013