Samarakoon's Shrub Frog; Samarakoonge panduru madiya
Species Description: Wickramasinghe LJM, Vidanapathirana DR, Rajeev MDG, Ariyarathne SC, Chanaka AWA, Priyantha LLD, Bandara IN, Wickramasinghe N. 2013 Eight new species of Pseudophilautus (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Sripada World Heritage Site (Peak Wilderness), a local amphibian hotspot in Sri Lanka. J Threatened Taxa 5:3789-3920.
Pseudophilautus samarakoon can be differentiated from similar species by its small size, convext interorbital space, laterally truncate snout, rounded canthus rostralis, the presence of fringes on the fingers, smooth sides of the head, granular upper flank and dorsal thigh, weakly granular chest and throat, and supernumerary tubercles on the feet (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013).
The dorsal color is uniform milky, light brown with dark brown patches. There is a dark brown band present between the eyes and another band in front of the eyes. Lower are the dorsum, a “W” shaped patch is present and is milky, light brown in color. From the “W” there are two symmetrical dark brown diagonal lines. The dorsal limb coloring is the same as the dorsum with forelimbs, hind limbs, fingers and toes with brown cross bands. The ventral side is lighter than the dorsal side, the throat is uniform brown and the feet and webbing are lighter than the throat. In alcohol, the color pattern remains with little fading; the dark brown coloring fades to light brown and the milky cream color fades to off white. The dorsal color varies in shades from reddish brown to lighter brown (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
This species was named after Ananda Vijith Samarakoon in great appreciation of his involvement in education wildlife officers of the country’s biodiversity and conservation efforts (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013).
Wickramasinghe, L.J.M., D.R. Vidanapathirana, M.D.G. Rajeev, S.C. Ariyarathne, A.W.A. Chanaka, L.L.D. Priyantha, I.N. Bandara & N. Wickramasinghe (2013). Eight new species of Pseudophilautus (Amphibia, Anura, Rhacophoridae) from Sripada World Heritage Site (Peak Wilderness), a local amphibian hotspot in Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(4): 3789–3920
Written by Jessica Reimche (reimchej AT gmail.com), University of California Berkeley
First submitted 2013-06-14
Edited by Ann T. Chang (2013-06-17)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2013 Pseudophilautus samarakoon: Samarakoon's Shrub Frog; Samarakoonge panduru madiya <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/7991> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Mar 29, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 29 Mar 2017.
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