Puran Appu's Shrub Frog; Puran Appuge panduru madiya
Species Description: Wickramasinghe LJM, Vidanapathirana DR, Rajeev MDG, Ariyarathne SC, Chanaka AWA, Priyantha LLD, Bandara IN, Wickramasinghe N. 2013 Eight new species of Pseudophilautus (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Sripada World Heritage Site (Peak Wilderness), a local amphibian hotspot in Sri Lanka. J Threatened Taxa 5:3789-3920.
This species can be distinguished by the combination of its moderate size, concave dorsal head, concave loreal region and concave internarial space rounded lateral snout, vomerine teeth, presence of nuptial pad and lingual papilla, absence of fringes on its fingers as well as calcar, smooth snout with a blunt tubercle, weakly shagreened dorsal thigh, horny spinules on the dorsal posterior as well as tubercles, and granular lower flank with upper flanks having tubercles (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013).
In life, the dorsum is a uniformly light brown color with a maroon band that longitudinally extends from the snout to the vent. This band resembles an hour-glass and get darker as the band continues to the vent. The forelimbs and hind limbs are a darker brown with a slight green hue, and there is a faint strip that lies longitudinally between the eyes. The lateral head is also a darker brown. In ethanol, the maroon becomes a blackish color, however the patterning stays with some fading (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013).
The specimens had some dorsal color variation. The maroon patch was consistent among types, but the side patches had colors ranging from a pink to a slight yellow (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Pseudophilautus puranappu is named after Veera Puran Appu, who stood up against the British Empire and died for the freedom of Sri Lanka (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013).
Wickramasinghe, L.J.M., D.R. Vidanapathirana, M.D.G. Rajeev, S.C. Ariyarathne, A.W.A. Chanaka, L.L.D. Priyantha, I.N. Bandara & N. Wickramasinghe (2013). Eight new species of Pseudophilautus (Amphibia, Anura, Rhacophoridae) from Sripada World Heritage Site (Peak Wilderness), a local amphibian hotspot in Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(4): 3789–3920
Written by Derek Shapiro (dkshap750 AT yahoo.com), University of California Berkeley
First submitted 2013-06-17
Edited by David Wong and Ann T. Chang (2013-07-14)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2013 Pseudophilautus puranappu: Puran Appu's Shrub Frog; Puran Appuge panduru madiya <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/7990> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Apr 29, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 29 Apr 2017.
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