Species Description: Fei L, Ye C, Jiang J, Xie F, Huang Y 2005 an illustrated key to Chinese amphibians. Sichuan Publ Group
The dark purple dorsum is decorated unevenly with yellow, or dark yellow, irregular blotches. Individuals may vary in amount, size, and shape of the yellow blotches. Generally, yellow markings are smaller on the head, while larger markings occur on the dorsal trunk, and tiny scattered markings to no markings are present on the tail. The venter is light purple.
Larvae are light brown, with upper labial folds, and a pair of tri-forked featherlike gills. The tailfin fold is wide and stretches all the way to the midpoint of the body. Toes are well formed and black at the tips.
Distribution and Habitat
This species occurs in China, and is known from the following Chinese provinces: Guizhou, Hubei, and Hunan. It is found in the mountains, at elevations from 1158-2165 m above sea level, in shrubs and bushes. It hides under the protruding roots of bushes and within dirt tunnels during the day.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Pseudohynobius flavomaculatus lays a pair of egg sacs, with each containing 16-26 eggs in a linear string. Each egg sac is 140-270 mm long and 10-14 mm wide. Eggs are round, 5.5 mm in diameter, and pale or light gray in coloration. Larvae feed on insects and small crustaceans, and take up to 1.5-2 years to metamorphose.
This species is rare.
Fei, L. and Ye, C. (2001). The Colour Handbook of the Amphibians of Sichuan. Chinese Forestry Publishing House, Beijing.
IUCN (2008). 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 10 October 2008.
Written by Michael Li (mzl AT berkeley.edu), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2005-10-05
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2008-11-11)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2008 Pseudohynobius flavomaculatus: Yellow-spotted Salamander <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/6648> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Aug 23, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Aug 2017.
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