This species is known only from the type locality on the Poços de Caldas Plateau, in Minas Gerais State in south-eastern Brazil, where it was recorded at around 1,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in small temporary streams, in which it breeds, near swamps at the edge of riparian forests.
Its population status is unknown, but it is only known from a few specimens. It is probably declining at the type locality but probably occurs elsewhere.
The major threat to this species is habitat loss due to deforestation arising from mining. Pollution from the mining industry is also a threat.
The type locality is not within a protected area. Conservation and maintenance of its habitat is needed, in particular the creation of a protected area is necessary. More research into the species' Extent of Occurrence, ecological requirements and population status is needed, in particular to determine if it occurs outside the vicinity of the type locality.
Carlos Alberto Gonçalves da Cruz, Luciana Barreto Nascimento 2004. Proceratophrys palustris. In: IUCN 2014