This species is known only from the western slopes of the Cordillera Oriental, in the vicinity of Bogotacito, on the Duitama-Charalá road, in Gambita Municipality, Santander Department, Colombia, from 2,200-2,400m asl. It might occur a little more widely than current records suggest.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in very humid cloud forests on vegetation in the low stratum. Although commonly found in the forest interior, it has also been recorded from secondary forest. Breeding is by direct development.
It is a rare species.
The major threat is habitat loss caused by agricultural development (particularly livestock farming) and pine plantations.
Its range does not include any protected areas, though it may occur in the Santuario de Fauna y Flora Guanentá Alto Río Fonce. There is a need for improved protection of cloud forest habitat within the range of this species.
Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo 2004. Pristimantis spilogaster. In: IUCN 2014