This species is known from two localities: one in the municipality of Sonsón and the other in Belmira, both in the department of Antioquia, Colombia. It has been recorded from 2,620-2,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is restricted to primary forest or slightly disturbed forest, along streams, in dense vegetation. It is also common in areas with waterfalls. This is a nocturnal species, and during the day it is usually found under rocks. Breeding is by direct development.
It is an uncommon species.
The major threat is habitat loss caused by deforestation for agricultural development (including the cultivation of illegal crops). Some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
It is not known from any protected areas, and habitat protection is urgently needed given that the species is not tolerant of much disturbance of its habitat.
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis scoloblepharus. In: IUCN 2014