Pristimantis saltissimus is known only from the Wokomung Massif at elevations between 698 and 1560 masl (Means and Savage, 2007). It is also possible that this species may also be found on Mt. Ayanganna to the north of Wokomung and Maringma to the east. P. saltissimus may also be present at an elevation of about 1000 masl in transitional forest between rainforest and cloud forest below the Prow of Mt. Roraima in Guyana (B. Means, pers. comm. 2008).
Habitat and Ecology
Individuals of this species can be found on leaves of shrubs, branches, tree buttresses, exposed roots, and herbaceous ground vegetation, from below 0.5 m off the ground to 2 m high, in dense cloud forest. Most often individuals are found near the leafy banks of small cascades plunging down the steep sides of escarpments, often in the identical microhabitats of a species of arboreal toad, Oreophrynella sp., but they are also found on the leaves of understory vegetation in the cloud forest away from streams and cascades. P. saltissimus is syntopic with P. dendrobatoides and P. jester (Means and Savage, 2007).
This is the most commonly encountered frog in cloud forest habitats on the Wokomung Massif. At the moment, it is a common species (B. Means, pers. comm. 2008).
No major threats were observed for this species. However, introduced microbes and/or chemicals could be an unobservable threat (B. Means, pers. comm. 2008).
No conservation measures are known for this species. However, there is ample habitat to support this species on three tepui cloud forests, which are extensive on these tepuis, and the tepuis are not suitable for human agriculture or occupancy (B. Means, pers. comm. 2008).
Pristimantis saltissimus can be distinguished from other similar species by a combination of morphological features, colour pattern and the production of odorous skin secretions (Means and Savage, 2007).
Bruce Means 2008. Pristimantis saltissimus. In: IUCN 2014