This species can be found in the Andes of Peru and Ecuador. It has been recorded from elevations of 2,770-3,050m asl on the western slopes and crest of the Cordillera de Huancabamba, Piura Department. Peru; recently, it was collected in Ecuador from Curintza, in the province of Zamora Chinchipe, in Parque Nacional Podocarpus at 1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits dense, humid montane and cloud forest, and it is not known if it can survive in degraded areas. Individuals have been found at night on low vegetation, and under ground cover by day. It breeds by direct development.
It is common where it occurs.
The major threat across the range is habitat loss, due to deforestation for agriculture (mostly livestock farming) and selective wood extraction.
Within Ecuador it has been recorded from Parque Nacional Podocarpus, but it is not known from any protected areas in Peru. Further survey work is necessary to determine whether this species might occur more widely than currently known.
Lily Rodríguez, Jorge Luis Martinez, Erik Wild, Diego Almeida, Fernando Nogales 2004. Pristimantis rhodoplichus. In: IUCN 2014