This species can be found in cloud forest at altitudes of 1,255-1,780m asl on the Pacific versant of the Andes in the departments of Cauca and Nariño, Colombia, and at 1,200-2,600m asl in the provinces of Carchi (Maldonado), Esmeraldas (Cristal, Río Blanco), and Imbabura (Cuellaje), in Ecuador.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a nocturnal species that occurs on low vegetation (0.5-5m above the ground) in cloud forest in areas next to forest breaks or on high branches on sloping areas inside relatively undisturbed forest. One Ecuadorian specimen was obtained from the canopy of a felled tree by day (Lynch and Duellman 1997). It is presumed to be a direct developing species, although the egg deposition site is not known.
It has always been considered an uncommon species, and it was last collected in the late 1980s. The region where it is known to occur has been only infrequently surveyed.
Habitat loss caused by deforestation due to logging, agricultural development, and the cultivation of illegal crops are all threats to it.
Some populations are included inside protected areas in Colombia (in the Reserva Natural La Planada, Parque Nariño and Parque Nacional Natural Munchique). In Ecuador, its geographic range coincides with the Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas.
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Santiago Ron, Luis A. Coloma, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis ocellatus. In: IUCN 2014