This species is known from five localities at altitudes of 1,200-2,565m asl on the western flanks of the Andes in extreme south-western Colombia, and in the provincias of Carchi (Maldonado), Esmeraldas (El Cristal) and Pichincha (Río Faisanes) in northern Ecuador. Its distribution is not well known.
Habitat and Ecology
It can be found only in cloud forest, where it has been found on low vegetation near streams at night (Lynch and Duellman 1997). Reproduction is by direct development, although the egg deposition site is not known.
It is a rare species known from very few collections. It was last recorded in 1992, but it has not been surveyed for intensively since then.
Habitat loss caused by deforestation due to agricultural development, logging and the cultivation of illegal crops is a threat to this species.
Some of its populations are included inside protected areas in Colombia (such as the Reserva Natural La Planada). In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with the Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas. It should be noted that some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
According to the original description, some records of Pristimantis cruentus from western Colombia and western Ecuador might actually be this species.
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Santiago Ron, Luis A. Coloma, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis laticlavius. In: IUCN 2014