This species is known from only three localities on the eastern face of the Andes in Cocodrillos, Napo Province, Ecuador. It has been recorded from 1,700-2,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found in well-shaded cloud forest, and most individuals have been recorded perched on bushes or low trees at night (Lynch and Duellman 1980). It has also been found above small streams. Breeding is by direct development.
It is a rare species (only three specimens were collected in 2001).
The major threat is habitat loss due to agricultural activities, involving both crops and livestock, as well as logging. Some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
It has been recorded from the Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca, the Reserva Ecológica Antisana, and Parque Nacional Sumaco Napo-Galeras.
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Almeida, Fernando Nogales 2004. Pristimantis incanus. In: IUCN 2014