AMPHIBIAWEB
Pristimantis gentryi
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

Description
Head is not broader than body and wider than long. Snout is short, subacuminate when viewed dorsally and rounded in lateral view. The canthus rostralis is angular, straight or weakly concave. Loreal region is concave and slopes abruptly to the unflared lips. The interorbital region is broad; skin attaches to bone well and reveals the underlying osteology: low cranial crests medial to eyes, bony tubercles between crests. The tympanic annulus is never visible externally. Postrictal tubercles are round and small. Vomerine odontophores are posteromedially placed relative to the choanae, oblique, and each is approximately three times the size of the choana. Odontophores separated medially by a distance uqual to half width of odontophore (each with 4 or 5 teeth in an oblique row).

The dorsal skin ranges from smooth to “feebly warty.” Dorsolateral folds are distinct and fragmented posteriorly to sacrum. The region between the dorsolateral folds has many small warts whereas the flanks have large warts. Thenar tubercle is oval and approximately half the size of the bifid palmar tubercle. Fingers have fleshy lateral keels. Tip of thumb is not expanded into a disc whereas fingers II-IV have round discs.

Coloration in life is variable, usually the dorsal skin is red to brown with darker brown to black markings. The flanks are paler than the dorsal coloration. The ventral coloration is that of a dirty-cream to salmon. Labial stripes are creamy bronze. The iris is a pale copper with reddish-brown median horizontal streak.

Pristimantis gentryi is a member of the P. curtipes group. Pristimantis gentryi most closely resembles E. curtipes in having distinct but small digital discs, bony tubercles on the frontoparietals between the cranial crests, longer hind limbs and in lacking a tympanic annulus. In P. curtipes, the tympanic annulus is fully formed but is covered and concealed by the skin.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Ecuador

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
This species is known from the humid subtemperate region of the west Paramo de Apagua, Provincia Cotopaxi, Ecuador at elevations ranging from 2850-3380 m.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Nuptial pads absent in males. Males collected in July have swollen testes with dark mesorchia (dark brown reticulation or uniform stippling).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss

References

Lynch, J. D. and Duellman, W.E. (1997). Frogs of the Genus Eleutherodactylus in Western Ecuador. The University of Kansas Natural History Museum, Lawrence, Kansas.



Written by Raul E. Diaz (lissamphibia AT gmail.com), AWeb
First submitted 2004-12-14
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2007-12-01)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2007 Pristimantis gentryi <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/6149> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 23, 2017.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Oct 2017.

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