This Andean species is known from elevations of 2,470-2,710m asl on the Amazonian slopes of the Cordillera Oriental and at 3,000-3,100m asl on the the ridges north of the Cuenca de Loja, in southern Ecuador, and at elevations of 2,770-2,820m asl on the western slope of the Cordillera de Huancabamba in Piura Province in northern Peru.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits páramo, sub-páramo and humid cloud forests (Lynch 1979c; Duellman and Pramuk 1999). Specimens have been found in terrestrial bromeliads or under rocks; one individual from Peru was found in a tree at night (Duellman and Pramuk 1999). The ability of this species to adapt to modified habitats is unknown. It is presumed to breed by direct development, although the site of egg deposition is not known.
It is a rare species.
General habitat loss through deforestation for livestock ranching and selective wood extraction is the main threat to this species, including even in protected areas.
In Peru, this species might occur in one small-protected area (Tabaconas Namballe National Sanctuary). In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Parque Nacional Podocarpus. Improved and expanded protection of the habitat of this species is needed.
Lily Rodríguez, Jorge Luis Martinez, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Pristimantis cryptomelas. In: IUCN 2014