This species is known only from a few localities within Parque Nacional Natural Munchique in the department of Cauca, in the cloud forests on the western slopes of the western Andes in south-western Colombia, from 2,200-2,440m asl. However, it may be more widely distributed than is currently known.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs on the ground among logs and rocks inside cloud forests, and has not thus far been recorded outside forest habitat. It breeds by direct development.
It is not a common species. Recent fieldwork has failed to find the species at any of the known localities (but the species has always been rare so no conclusions can be drawn yet).
A major threat to the species is habitat loss within the park, due to the planting of illegal crops.
Although the known distribution of the species is wholly within Parque Nacional Natural Munchique, this protected area is in need of improved and strengthened management. Further survey work is necessary to determine the current population status of the species.
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis cacao. In: IUCN 2014