This species is known only from the type locality at 3,770 m asl, 15 km southeast of Maraypata, near Laguna Gwengway, province of Ambo, region of Huánuco, Peru (Lehr and Aguilar 2003). It has not been found at other nearby localities surveyed during the same expedition, suggesting perhaps that this may be a geographically restricted species (E. Lehr pers. comm. September 2013). However, no new surveys have been conducted at the type locality or surrounding area since this expedition (E. Lehr pers. comm. August 2013). While its extent of occurrence (EOO) is currently unquantified, it is not considered likely to surpass 100 km
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in the puna ecoregion. Individuals have been found in the afternoon under stones on moist underground (Lehr and Aguilar 2003). As with other congeners, it is presumed to breed by direct development.
It is known only from individuals collected at the type locality and is considered to be a rare species (E. Lehr pers. comm. 2008, August 2013), as only two individuals were observed over the course of three person/days in 2001 (von May et al. 2008).
Livestock farming was observed at the type locality when this species was collected (E. Lehr pers. comm. 2008), although its current impact on this species is unknown (E. Lehr pers. comm. August 2013).
Phrynopus tautzorum is distinguished from other similar species by a combination of colour patterns and morphological features (Lehr and Aguilar 2003).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Phrynopus tautzorum. In: IUCN 2014