Currently, this species is known only from Serra do Timbó, Municipality of Amargosa, state of Bahia, Brazil, where it has been recorded from 800-900 m asl (Cruz et al. 2008). It is not known whether the species is just confined to the area of the type locality.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits tropical semi-deciduous forests. Individuals have been found near a forest stream, 1.7‑2.0 m from the ground (Cruz et al. 2008). Reproduction is by larval development and tadpoles complete their development in streams.
The forests of Serra do Timbó are currently threatened by deforestation for the development of banana and cacao plantations, pastures, and selective logging of species of commercial interest. In addition, the springs that arise in Serra do Timbó and support the water supply of the municipalities of Amargosa, Ubaíra, Matuípe, and Jiquiriçá are also threatened (Cruz et al. 2008).
There is a conservation movement that seeks to protect the natural resources and habitats within the Serra do Timbó. The Timbó Project is being developed by the Centro Sapucaia, Núcleo Mata Atlântica (Ministério Público), and the municipal government of Amargosa, and includes the creation of a conservation unit with 674 ha of tropical semi-deciduous forest (Cruz et al. 2008).
Angulo, A. 2009. Phasmahyla timbo. In: IUCN 2014