Bufo florentinoi is only known from the type locality and its vicinities: Gironcito (224' 9.62" N, 811' 10.81" W), Playa Girón, Península de Zapata, Province of Matanzas, Cuba (Moreno and Rivalta 2007). The species occurs at 0 m asl (V. Rivalta pers. comm. 2008).
Habitat and Ecology
The species lives in the karst subcoastal semideciduous forest. It is believed that during the day the toad hides within the karstic rocks. It is sympatric with Peltophryne peltocephala in the type locality (Moreno and Rivalta 2007). Playa Girón lies on the coastal lowland to the south of Matanzas province, where marine intrusions that probably can fill the holes where the species lives have frequently been reported (Rodríguez Schettino and Rivalta in press). The species has at least two types of acoustic emissions, during the night on exposed limestone rocks, or inside crevices between rocks (Hernández Quinta 2007; Alonso et al. 2007).
No population status information is available for this species.
Rising of the sea level caused by climatic change is considered to be a threat (Rodríguez and Rivalta in press).
The type locality is found within the "Ciénaga de Zapata" Biosphere Reserve, where there is an environmental education programme for children and adults (Rodríguez and Rivalta in press).
In the Peltophryne peltocephala group. Peltophryne florentinoi is identified using a combination of morphological features, colour patterns and results from protein electrophoresis (Moreno and Rivalta 2007).
Vilma Rivalta 2008. Peltophryne florentinoi. In: IUCN 2014