This species is known only from the vicinity of the type locality, Cáceres, in Mato Grosso State, Brazil, at around 120m asl. It is probably more widespread, but this requires confirmation.
Habitat and Ecology
It is an inhabitant of the Pantanal wetlands, and it is presumed to breed by direct development, like other species of the genus.
The population status of this species is not known.
It is likely to be threatened by habitat changes as a result of livestock farming.
There are two protected areas within its range.
Ronald Heyer, Guarino Colli 2004. Oreobates heterodactylus. In: IUCN 2014