This species occurs east of the Andes, from central Peru to northern and central Bolivia. It is not present in Argentina (this is E. discodalis). In Bolivia, it is found in the Departments of Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando and Santa Cruz (De la Riva et al. 2000, Köhler 2000). In Peru it is found in the Departments Madre de Dios, Cusco, Huanuco and Junin. Its altitudinal range is from 200-2,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a terrestrial and arboreal species. It inhabits the foothills of the Amazonian rainforest and Yungas forest (De la Riva et al. 2000). The understorey level is composed of palms, ferns, heliconias, shrubs and young trees. Köhler (2000) and Cortez (2001) point out that it is a mainly terrestrial species that is common in disturbed areas. It can be observed calling on the ground or on low brushwoods. This species breeds by direct development and egg deposition site is in leaf-litter.
This is an abundant species.
There are no major threats to this species; it can survive in modified habitats including gardens.
In Bolivia it is protected by Madidi and Cotapata National Parks and Natural Areas of Integrated Management, and in Carrasco and Amboro National Parks. In Peru the range of this species overlaps with Parque Nacional Manu and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park (Madre de Dios) and Parque Nacional Manu (Cuzco).
This form is a complex of more than one species with several species involved (Reichle et al. 2001).
Claudia Cortez, Steffen Reichle, Lily Rodríguez, Jorge Luis Martinez, Wilfredo Arizabal 2004. Oreobates cruralis. In: IUCN 2014