Piebald odorous frog
© 2004 Samizdat Makein (1 of 5)
Description: O. schmackeri has a snout-vent length of approximately 42 mm. It is characterized by the presence of vomerine teeth, an oblique loreal region that is somewhat concave, the nostril being closer to the snout than the eye, a narrow interorbital region, and a distinct tympanum. The canthus rostralis is obtuse. The first finger is longer than the second and the fingers have expanded discs. The toes are webbed and the species has an indistinct inner metatarsal tubercle, but no outer tubercle. The skin is smooth or slightly corrugated (Boulenger 1920).
Coloration: It has a bluish green-grey dorsum, with black marbling. Its head and back also have brown or black spots. The sides have sharply defined round black spots and the limbs have dark cross-bars. The glandular fold below the tympanum is greenish white. The ventral sides are dirty white and the limbs are orange (Boulenger 1920).
Variation: Males have vocal sacs and spines all over the throat, thorax and belly. The body length in males is in the range of 37-46 mm (Liu 1950).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Odorrana schmackeri is capable of hearing much lower auditory frequencies than are heard by sympatric torrent species O. livida and Amolops tormotus. It does not respond to higher frequencies than 8.5 kHz, suggesting that the three species have unique responses to selection pressures (Yu et al. 2006).
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Phylogenetic Relationships: The genus Odorrana and Eburana were initially both subgenera of Asian cascade frogs, within the genus Rana. After the first investigation of phylogenetics, Eburana was placed within Odorrana. In the light of phylogenetics, subgeneric reassessment of Southeast Asian Rana has been suggested (Matsui et al. 2005). Relationships within Odorrana have been found to coincide well with distribution patterns, indicating the Guizhou Plateau as the center from which the group radiated (Ye and Fei 2005)
Boulenger, G.A. (1920). ''A monograph of the South Asian, Papuan, Melanesian and Australian frogs of the genus Rana.'' Records of the Indian Museum, 20, 1-226.
Chen, T., Li, L., Zhou, M., Rao, P., Walker, B., and Shaw, C. (2006). ''Amphibian skin peptides and their corresponding cDNAs from single lyophilized secretion samples: identification of novel brevinins from three species of Chinese frogs.'' Peptides, 27, 42-48.
Lau, M. W. N., Baorong, G., Huiqing, G., Zhigang,Y., and Kuangyang, L. (2004). Odorrana schmackeri. IUCN (2011). 2011 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 16 February 2012.
Liu, C.C. (1950). Amphibians of Western China. Chicago Natural History Museum, Chicago.
Matsui, M., Shimada, T. Ota, H., and Tanaka-Ueno, T. (2005). ''Multiple invasions of the Ryukyu Achipelago by oriental frogs of the subgenus Odorrana with phylogenetic reassessment of the related subgenera of the genus Rana.'' Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 37(3), 733-742.
Ye, C.Y., and Fei, L. (2005). ''Phylogeny of genus Odorrana (Amphibia:Ranidae) in China.'' Current Zoology (Formerly Acta Zoologica Sinica), 47(5), 528-534.
Yu, Z., Qui, Q., Xu, Z., and Shen, J. (2006). ''Auditory response characteristics of the piebald odorous frog and their implications.'' Comparative Physiology, 192(8), 801-806.
Written by Celeste M. Dodge (celestedodge AT yahoo.com), San Francisco State University
First submitted 2010-06-24
Edited by Kellie Whittaker, Mingna (Vicky) Zhuang (2012-02-25)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2012 Odorrana schmackeri: Piebald odorous frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5145> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 25, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 25 Sep 2017.
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