This species is only known from Serra do Capivarí in the northeastern state of Paraná, Brazil, at elevations above 1,400 m asl. It is likely to be endemic to the Serra do Capivarí (Langone et al. 2008).
Habitat and Ecology
The area where this species occurs is included within the “campos de altitude” in the Atlantic Forest. Individuals can be found during daytime, on the ground or most often inside terrestrial bromeliads. This species deposits its egg clusters in the axils of bromeliads (Langone et al. 2008). It is considered to be a habitat specialist (J. Langone pers. comm. June 2009).
The montane area where the species occurs undergoes periodical burnings due to unregulated fire use by the local residents (see Langone et al. 2008); these fires may be for agricultural purposes (J. Langone pers. comm. June 2009).
No conservation actions are currently known for this species. It is important to implement a public awareness programme to avoid the indiscriminate use of fire in the region (J. Langone pers. comm. June 2009).
Langone, J. & Angulo, A. 2009. Melanophryniscus alipioi. In: IUCN 2014