Species Description: Guenther R, Richards S 2016 Description of a striking new Mantophryne species (Amphibia, Anura, Microhylidae) from Woodlark Island, Papua New Guinea. Zoosyst. Evol. 92: 111-118.
Mantophryne insignis is the most arboreal species in its genus, which is mostly terrestrial. It is also different from other species in the genus in that it has a smooth dorsum and coloration including a golden-tan back, black dorsolateral bands edged below with a white stripe, and brown abdomen spots encircled by white. Mantophryne insignis is most similar to Mantophryne lateralis but has a more slender, smaller body, longer shanks, bigger terminal toe disks, and a shorter advertisement call. In contrast, Mantophryne lateralis does not have a golden back and has longer calls. Mantophryne louisiadensis is larger than Mantophryne insignis and has a broader head, more filled out body, lacks lateral bands, a golden back, and brown abdomen spots. Mantophryne axanthogaster is also larger than Mantophryne insignis and has a flecked back, a grey abdomen, no lateral bands, and a call with longer and fewer notes. Mantophryne menziesi is smaller than Mantophryne insignis and has a grey-brown dorsum, a longer call, an arch formed by the squamosal and frontoparietal bones over the prootic region, and lacks dark lateral bands and a blotched abdomen. Hylophorbus infulatus is similar to Mantophryne insignis in body size but has a shorter internarial distance, brown back, poorly defined dorsolateral band, and mottled abdomen. The slender body, expanded toe discs, and long legs of Mantophryne insignis compared to congeners reflect its adaptation for living in arboreal habits instead of terrestrial habits (Günther and Richards 2016).
In life, most specimens had a golden-tan mid-dorsum bordered by black dorsolateral bands. Descriptions are for males only, as no females were collected. The dorsal surfaces of thighs are also golden tan. The dorsal surfaces of shanks are yellow and posterior of thighs are orange-red. A yellow supracanthal stripe extends onto upper eyelids. A black dorsolateral band is underlined with a thin white stripe. The axillary region is yellowish and the inguinal region is orange-red. The tarsi and lateral surfaces of shanks are dark brown, with a dark brown mottled pattern on the ventral parts. The iris is silvery with dark lines and a slight orange hue in the anterior and posterior positions and there are three whitish tubercles on the eyelids. The ground color of ventral surfaces is white. The throat and chest are brown with dark brown spots. The abdomen and lower flanks have dark brown blotches encircled with white, spots on inferior thighs are smaller and without white rings. In preservative, the dorsal surface of the head, shanks, and mid-dorsum are light grey. The dorsal surfaces of the thighs and upper arms are mottled brown. The underside of the lower arm, dorsal side of the hand and tarsi are brown. Brown spots edged with white extend to posterior lower arm and anterior tarsus and metatarsus. A white supracanthal stripe stretches from snout tip to middle eyelid. The dorsolateral bands start at the orbital opening and end at the cloacal opening. The ground color of ventral surfaces is white (Günther and Richards 2016).
No female specimens were collected. Body size of the three adult males (snout-urostyle length) varied only slightly, and differences in coloration were also negligible. An additional three males were collected by F. Kraus on Woodlark Island, and of these the only noticeable variation was a creamy tan dorsal band (instead of golden tan) in one specimen (Günther and Richards 2016).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Papua New Guinea
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Their calls at 26.5oC are rattles that last for 4.6 - 6.5 seconds and do not contain harmonies. The call frequencies range from 1.0 - 3.5 kHz. Internote interval increased over the course of the call and ranged from 41 - 153 ms. Calls contain 38 - 52 notes and lasted a mean duration of 50 ms with a repetition rate of 8.1 notes per second(Günther and Richards 2016).
The species epithet “insignis” comes from the Latin “insignis”, which means remarkable or conspicuous. It was chosen for the species for the species’ distinct color pattern and irregular arboreal ecology (Günther and Richards 2016).
All three specimens from which data were collected were males, due to the fact that their calls made them much easier to collect than females (Günther and Richards 2016).
Günther, R., Richards, S. (2016). ''Description of a striking new Mantophryne species (Amphibia, Anura, Microhylidae) from Woodlark Island, Papua New Guinea.'' Zoosystematics and Evolution, 92(1), 111-118.
Written by Sierra Raby (sraby AT berkeley.edu), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2016-10-13
Edited by Ann T. Chang (2016-10-17)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2016 Mantophryne insignis <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/8482> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 20, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 20 Oct 2017.
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