This recently described species is endemic to New Guinea where it has been recorded in Papua Province, Indonesia. It is currently known only from the type locality of the '"54 km" site along the Nabire-Mapia road, about 30 km direct line southeast of Nabire, 750m asl (3º29.517' S, 135º43.913' E') (Günther and Richards, 2005). It might occur more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
The only known specimen was found on the leaf of a shrub 1.8 m above the surface of a fast flowing "rocky" stream, near to a road with motor traffic (Günther and Richards, 2005). The vegetation surrounding the stream is secondary tropical moist forest. It presumably breeds by larval development in streams.
It is known only from the holotype, and appears to be rare.
The threats to this species are not known (R. Günther pers. comm.).
There are no direct conservation measures in place for this species, and it is not known from any protected areas (R. Günther pers. comm.). Further studies are needed into the distribution, abundance, threats and general ecology of the species.
Rainer Günther, Stephen Richards 2008. Litoria rara. In: IUCN 2014