AMPHIBIAWEB
Leptobrachium tagbanorum
family: Megophryidae
 
Species Description: Brown RM, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC (2009) Philippine frogs of the genus Leptobrachium (Anura: Megophryidae): phylogeny-based species delimitation, taxonomic review and descriptions of three new species. Herpt. Monogr. 23:1-44.

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Philippines

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

   

From the Encyclopedia of Life account:

Biology

The genus Leptobrachium is part of a large family of unique frogs (Megophryidae), consisting of roughly 140 species in 10 genera (Brachytarsophrys, Borneophrys, Leptobrachella, Leptolalax, Leptobrachium, Megophrys, Ophryophryne, Oreolalax, Scutiger, Xenophrys; Brown et al., 2009). Common names for some of the unique genera include “spadefoot toads,” “moustache toads,” “litter frogs,” and “horned frogs” (Brown et al., 2009). For more than half a century, only two megophryid genera have been recognized in the Philippines: Megophrys and Leptobrachium (Taylor, 1920; Inger, 1954; Brown and Alcala, 1970; Alcala, 1986; Alcala and Brown, 1998; Brown and Diesmos, 2002; Diesmos et al., 2004; Brown 2007; Brown et al., 2009).

Until recently, a single species of Leptobrachium, Leptobrachium hasseltii, was recognized in the Philippines. Upon closer examination of populations in each of the three major faunal regions in the Philippines that it is recognized to occur in, Brown et al. (2009) revised the taxonomy of the species, and described three unique Philippine endemics. Leptobrachium lumadorum is recognized to occur in the Mindanao faunal region, Leptobrachium mangyanorum is recognized to occur in the Mindoro faunal region, and Leptobrachium tagbanorum is known only from the Palawan faunal region. Interestingly, no populations of Leptobrachium have ever been recorded from the Visayan (central) or Luzon (northern) faunal regions in the country. These bizaar species of frogs have incredibly long arms and move by crawling across the surface of the substrate rather than hopping.


Author: Siler, Cameron
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Type Locality

The type is stored in the Philippine National Museum; PNM 9560 (formerly KU 309458, Field number RMB 7620), adult male, from the Philippines, Palawan Island, Palawan Province, Municipality of Puerto Princesa City, Barangay Irawan, Irawan Watershed.


Author: Siler, Cameron
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Faunal Affinity

Palawan Pleistocene Aggregate Island Complex (PAIC; Brown and Diesmos, 2002)


Author: Siler, Cameron
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Distribution

This species is recognized to occur on the islands of Palawan and Dumaran in the Philippines.


Author: Siler, Cameron
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Size

42.2-80.0 mm SVL


Author: Siler, Cameron
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Diagnostic Description

Leptobrachium tagbanorum can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: 1) body size moderate to large (SVL 42.2-80.0 mm); 2) tympanum covered by dark coloration; 3) canthal stripe thick; 4) tibial bars 2-4; 5) predominant dorsal coloration and dorsal markings immaculate tan or with faint irregular brown blotches; 6) relative hind limb (HL/SVL) 0.39-44; 7) relative tibia length (TBL/SVL) 0.36-0.40; 8) realative forearm length (FA/SVL) 0.28-0.34; 9) relative pes (foot) length (PL/SVL) 0.31-0.38; and 10) sexual dimorphism (mean female:male SVL) 1.50 (Brown et al. 2009).


Author: Siler, Cameron
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/