Ichthyophis mindanaoensis
family: Ichthyophiidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Philippines


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from mountain areas on Mindanao Island in the Philippines. It has been recorded in at least half a dozen separate localities, and is found at 600-850m asl, and probably ranges higher than this.

Habitat and Ecology

It is known from lowland and submontane rainforest and associated agricultural habitats, where the adults are subterranean. The larvae inhabit unpolluted streams, rivers and quiet pools near streams. The adults and larvae have also been found in mud in recently cleared agricultural fields at forest edges.


It is apparently common, but is very localized and patchily distributed.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It has been suggested that the main threats to this species are logging, habitat conversion to agriculture, and pollution of streams and rivers from mining and agricultural effluents. However, the limited information available suggests that, as with other species of Ichthyophis, it is fairly adaptable to habitat modification, and might not be significantly threatened, except in local situations.

Conservation Actions

It is in need of taxonomic review (Wilkinson pers. comm.)

Taxonomic Notes

The taxonomic status of this species is unclear. Records of caecilians from several localities on Mindanao Island need to be properly identified.


Arvin Diesmos, Angel Alcala, Rafe Brown, Leticia Afuang, Genevieve Gee, Katie Hampson, Mae Leonida Diesmos, Aldrin Mallari, Perry Ong, Dondi Ubaldo, Baldwin Gutierrez, Mark Wilkinson, David Gower, Alex Kupfer 2004. Ichthyophis mindanaoensis. In: IUCN 2014


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