Chorla Giant Striped Ichthyophis
Species Description: Bhatta G, Dinesh KP, Prashanth, Kulkarni N, Radhakrishnan C 2011 A new caecilian Ichthyophis davidi sp. nov. (Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae):the largest striped caecilian from the Western Ghats. Current Science 101: 1015-1019.
I. davidi can be distinguished from other Ichthyophis species by its large size as it is the largest striped Ichthyophis. Its wider, unbroken lateral stripe curves in at the collar, and is distinct on the lower jaw, extending from the tentacle to the tail. In addition it has large number of annuli (321-336) and large number of splenial teeth (29-40) in its lower jaw.
Coloration in life: The dorsum of I. davidi is a metallic chestnut brown color. The snout is slightly lighter than the body. The tentacles are whitish. Ventrally, I. davidi is a light lilac color, darkened at the tail tip. A bright yellow, metallic stripe runs laterally from the tentacle to the tail tip. This band is relatively wide, except for on the lips and at the second collar, where there is an incurvature.
Coloration in preservation: The ground color of the dorsum is dark brown, while the venter is light brown. The lateral bands are yellowish.
Variation: Annular count ranges from 321 to 336. Number of vomerine teeth ranges from 30 to 60 (Bhatta et al. 2011).
Distribution and Habitat
I. davidi has been found under decaying organic matter in backyards near the type locality (Bhatta et al. 2011).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
I. davidi was named after David Gower of the Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, London, for his contributions to the study of caecilians in India (Bhatta et al. 2011).
Bhatta, G., Dinesh, K. P., Prashanth, P., Kulkarni, N., and Radhakrishnan, C. (2011). ''A new caecilian Ichthyophis davidi sp. nov. (Gymnophiona: Ichthyophiidae): the largest striped caecilian from the Western Ghats.'' Current Science, 101(8), 1015-1019.
Written by John Cavagnaro (john.cavagnaro AT berkeley.edu), Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, UC Berkeley
First submitted 2012-10-03
Edited by Michelle S. Koo (2012-10-04)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2012 Ichthyophis davidi: Chorla Giant Striped Ichthyophis <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/7733> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Apr 27, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 27 Apr 2017.
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