This species occurs at an elevation of 1,440-1,950m asl on the eastern face of the Andes in Putumayo and Caquetá (Colombia) and Napo (Ecuador). In Ecuador it is only known from three nearby localities.
Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in cloud forest, and is associated with stream habitats (Lynch and Duellman 1980). It is presumed to breed by direct development, but the site of egg deposition is not known. The ability of this species to adapt to modified habitats is unknown.
Generally, this is not a common frog anywhere in its range, although a good-sized series was collected in Colombia in 1990 in Parque Nacional Natural Alto Fragua.
The major threat is habitat loss due to agriculture (including the planting of illegal crops) and logging. Some other species of Eleutherodactylus sensu lato that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
This species occurs in Parque Nacional Natural Alto Fragua-Indi Wasa, in Colombia. Its range overlaps with the Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca in Ecuador.
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, John Lynch 2010. Hypodactylus dolops. In: IUCN 2014