This species is known currently from two localities near El Carmelo and in El Chamizo, Carchi Province, Ecuador, at 3,100-3,200m asl. It was recently discovered in Nariño Department on the Colombian side of the border near Carmelo. It might range a little more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
Specimens have been collected by day beneath logs in a wet pasture in páramo habitat; they have also been found in holes in the ground. Reproduction occurs by direct development.
It was rare at El Chamizo in 2000, where two individuals were found.
The major threat is habitat destruction and degradation due to the expansion of agricultural activities.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas, and the habitat of this species is in urgent need of protection.
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Almeida 2004. Hypodactylus brunneus. In: IUCN 2014