This species is endemic to the mountains of western Sumatra (in Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Bengkulu and Lampung Provinces). It occurs from 200 to more than 1,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in clean torrents and fast-flowing streams in forest and open areas near the forest. It breeds in streams.
It is abundant in appropriate habitat.
The major threat is siltation of the streams and chemical pollution resulting from deforestation and agriculture (paddy fields).
It occurs in several protected areas, including Gunung Leuser, Kerinci-Seblat, and Barisan-Selatan National Parks.
Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni 2004. Huia sumatrana. In: IUCN 2014