This species is known only from Abra de la Cruz, in Parque Nacional Amboro, Caballero Province, in the department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, at 2,286m asl. It might occur a little more widely, but it probably has a restricted distribution.
Habitat and Ecology
It has been recorded from cloud forest and is probably a direct developing species.
It is known from only two individuals, one collected in 1857, and the other in 1997. It is clearly very rare, because the area where it was rediscovered has been well surveyed, without success.
The major threat is habitat loss due to agriculture, involving both crops and livestock, as well as infrastructure development for human settlement. Chytridiomycosis is a potential future threat.
The only known locality is within Parque Nacional Amboro, and continued management of this area is essential to ensure the long-term survival of this species. Further survey work is needed to determine whether it might occur beyond the type locality.
The original type locality of this species was Panama, but this is in error according to Savage and Heyer (1969) who suggested that the type specimen might have come from Colombia, Peru or Bolivia. Subsequently, Duellman and De la Riva (1999) found a single specimen. This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).
Claudia Cortez, Steffen Reichle, Ignacio De la Riva, Jörn Köhler 2004. Gastrotheca splendens. In: IUCN 2014