Gastrotheca pulchra is known from several localities in southern Bahia [Pau Brasil Biological Reserve (CEPLAC), vicinity of Porto Seguro (16 22’ S, 39 10’ W, 30 masl); RPPN Estação Veracruz, Porto Seguro (16 27’S, 39 04’W); RPPN Salto Apepiqui, Ilhéus (14 47’S, 39 03’W); Fazenda Alto São Roque (13 51’S, 39 40’W), Itamari; Fazenda São José, Mascote (15 34’S, 39 18’W); all in the state of Bahia], Brazil.
Habitat and Ecology
Gastrotheca pulchra is known to occupy primary tropical forest characterized by tree heights reaching approximately 30m, several of them with DAB > 80cm. The area also has a high diversity of bromeliads and ferns. Clumps of large bromeliads are abundant and attached to the trunks of large trees (Caramaschi and Rodrigues, 2007).
The holotype is an adult female with ten developing eggs in the dorsal pouch, and was found sitting on a moderately sized leaf, approximately 1m above ground (Caramaschi and Rodrigues, 2007).
No population status information is currently available for this species.
No major threats are currently known for this species.
The species is known to occur within a 1180 ha Biological Reserve (Pau Brasil) and in several private reserves in southern Bahia.
Gastrotheca pulchra can be distinguished from other similar species by a combination of morphological characters (Caramaschi and Rodrigues, 2007).
Ariadne Angulo 2008. Gastrotheca pulchra. In: IUCN 2014